247 Views

7 Facts You Need To Know About Lung Cancer

 


Cancer is a global menace characterised by disordered, uncontrolled proliferation of body cells. In other words, cancer cells defy all in-built regulatory mechanisms of the body system to continue dividing without any need for such and in most cases, this unabated process culminates in death. Understandably, when the lungs happen to fall victim to this chaotic process, the implications are even more grave in view of the central role the lungs play in the body. In tandem with the heart, the lungs ensure that oxygen-rich blood is distributed throughout the entire body in exchange for potentially toxic carbondioxide gas which is then expelled when we breathe out.
Highlighted below are some important facts that you need to know about lung cancer

1. Lung cancer is a major killer
According to the World Health Organisation, lung cancer results in about 1.4 million deaths annually throughout the world. The incidence has been on the increase in developing countries on account of increased tobacco use. In terms of incidence and mortality worldwide, especially among men over 50 years who had a significant history of smoking. Furthermore, it’s been observed that while the incidence has been declining among men in the last few decades, more cases are now being recorded among women.

2. Smoking remains a leading risk factor
The link between smoking and lung cancer cannot be overemphasized. In fact, research has shown that cigarette smoke contains no less than 73 known carcinogens including benzopyrene and 1,3-butadiene. Marijuana smoke also contains most of these carcinogens. Overall, smoking accounts for about 80 – 90% of cases of lung cancer. Plus passive smoking also confers significant risk such that people who live with someone who smokes have a 20 – 30% increased risk compared to others. Statistics from the United States revealed that passive smoking accounts for up to 3400 deaths from lung cancer annually.

3. Asbestos workers are more likely to develop lung cancer
It’s been shown that asbestos and tobacco smoking tend to have a synergistic effect in increasing lung cancer risk. In fact, asbestos workers who also smoke have 45-fold increased risk of suffering from lung cancer compared to the general population. In addition, excessive asbestos exposure may lead to mesothelioma, a cancer of the pleural covering of the lungs. Other important risk factors include indoor and outdoor air pollution, radon gas exposure as well as a family history of lung cancer.

ALSO READ  How To Deal With Disappointment Perfectly

4. Lung cancer often produces signs and symptoms
Lung cancer usually produces respiratory symptoms such as cough sometimes productive of blood (hemoptysis) and chest pain. If the cancer grows into the airways, airflow may be obstructed leading to difficulty with breathing. Systemic symptoms like weight loss, poor appetite, fever and fatigue are sometimes observed, although non-specific. However, it is important to note that in up to 10% of individuals, lung cancer shows no symptoms at the time of diagnosis and it is only discovered on routine chest radiography.

5. Lung cancers may spread very early
It is quite common especially with small cell lung cancer that by the time affected individuals notice symptoms and seek medical attention, the cancer has already spread far beyond the original site thereby creating a more difficult scenario to treat. Common sites of spread include the brain, bone, adrenals, liver, kidneys as well as the opposite lung. Pointers to likely spread include bone pains as well as neurological symptoms such as headache, convulsions and limb weakness or paralysis.

6. Numerous treatment options are available
Depending on the cell type and stage of lung cancer at the time of diagnosis, a number of treatment options may be offered including surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy or palliative care. For instance, removal of a lobe of lung (lobectomy) or wedge resection is often used to cure most cases of early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, small cell lung carcinoma is more responsive to chemotherapy with or without radiotherapy.

7. Preventive measures are key
In a bid to stem the tides of lung cancer among unsuspecting passive smokers, most countries have prohibited smoking in public places such as restaurants and workplaces. In addition, the World Health Organisation has called on governments to place a total ban on the advertising of tobacco and tobacco products.
Also, sophisticated tests such as computed tomography (CT) scan can be used to screen high-risk individuals for lung cancer in order to enhance early detection and institute prompt treatment to forestall complications.

Get the best viral stories straight into your inbox!

Don't worry, we don't spam

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

Latest Posts

Full List Of Winners At The Just Concluded PDP National Convention
Politics
73 views
Politics
73 views

Full List Of Winners At The Just Concluded PDP National Convention

MT - December 10, 2017

The Peoples Democratic Party convention has come and gone. Here is a list of those who were successful in the election as compiled by Punch. PDP logo…

VIDEO: Watch Runtown And Davido’s Performances At Senator Saraki’s Daughter’s Wedding In Abuja
Entertainment
74 views
Entertainment
74 views

VIDEO: Watch Runtown And Davido’s Performances At Senator Saraki’s Daughter’s Wedding In Abuja

MT - December 10, 2017

Not quite long, we brought you photos of actress Funke Adesiyan‘s look to Senate President, Bukola Saraki‘s daughter, Oluwatosin’s wedding in Abuja today. We’ve also gotten photos of…

Why Many Actors, Actresses Attend White-Garment Churches – Actress, Adediwura Adesegha
Entertainment
61 views
Entertainment
61 views

Why Many Actors, Actresses Attend White-Garment Churches – Actress, Adediwura Adesegha

MT - December 10, 2017

Nollywood actress, Adediwura Adesegha, also known as ‘Blarkgold’ has revealed why many actors and actresses attend white-garment churches. She said most of the actors like churches where…

Meet The Zamfara Deputy Governor, Ibrahim Wakkala Who Is Set To Sponsor Mass Wedding For Widows And Divorcees
Inspiring
72 views
Inspiring
72 views

Meet The Zamfara Deputy Governor, Ibrahim Wakkala Who Is Set To Sponsor Mass Wedding For Widows And Divorcees

MT - December 10, 2017

The Zamfara State Deputy Gov. Malam Ibrahim Wakkala, has said he will sponsor the mass wedding of 100 prospective couples in the state. Wakkala made the announcement…

Nollwood Actress, Funke Adesiyan Wore This Outfit To A Wedding And It Has Really Got People Talking
Entertainment
55 views
Entertainment
55 views

Nollwood Actress, Funke Adesiyan Wore This Outfit To A Wedding And It Has Really Got People Talking

MT - December 10, 2017

Nollywood actress is trending online as she shared a photo of herself dressed up to attend the wedding ceremony of Nigeria’s Senate President, Bukola Saraki’s daughter. Her…

Why I Built A Mansion In Okokomaiko – Comedian Akpororo
Entertainment
72 views
Entertainment
72 views

Why I Built A Mansion In Okokomaiko – Comedian Akpororo

PH - December 10, 2017

Comedian, Jephthah Bowoto, aka Akpororo, speaks with OLUSHOLA RICKETTS, about his rise from humble beginnings, marriage, Yung6ix, and other things Was the turnout at your show, Akpororo…

Rita Dominic, Ebuka Obi-Uchendu, Mimi Onalaja, Ini Dima-Okojie at The Future Awards Africa 2017
Entertainment
85 views
Entertainment
85 views

Rita Dominic, Ebuka Obi-Uchendu, Mimi Onalaja, Ini Dima-Okojie at The Future Awards Africa 2017

PH - December 10, 2017

The Future Awards Africa 2017 black carpet was bursted with Nigeria’s most inspiring youth, celebrities and our country’s brightest stars from business to the arts. Stars such as Rita…

“God Brought This My Way” – Man Says After Finding These Gemstones In Abuja. Photos
Inspiring
95 views
Inspiring
95 views

“God Brought This My Way” – Man Says After Finding These Gemstones In Abuja. Photos

MT - December 10, 2017

A man, Don Emeka Kedi was left surprised after he stumbled upon some gemstones while strolling in Abuja this morning. According to the man, God brought these…

Pretty Little Girl With K-Leg Full Of Smiles After Undergoing Corrective Surgery (Photos)   
Inspiring
86 views
Inspiring
86 views

Pretty Little Girl With K-Leg Full Of Smiles After Undergoing Corrective Surgery (Photos)  

MT - December 10, 2017

A non-governmental organization, Mercy Ships has shared lovely photos of a young girl with K-leg who recently had a successful corrective surgery. Esther before and after the…

Osinbajo Makes Surprise Stop At Ikenne Market To Greet Market Women Selling Goods (Video)
Politics
74 views
Politics
74 views

Osinbajo Makes Surprise Stop At Ikenne Market To Greet Market Women Selling Goods (Video)

MT - December 10, 2017

Vice President Yemi Osinbajo made a surprise stop at the popular Ikenne market in Ogun state. He stopped by to inquire about the challenges the market women…

How Nigerian Man Was Jailed Again In The UK After Being Released For Firearm Possession.
Holiday and Travels
64 views
Holiday and Travels
64 views

How Nigerian Man Was Jailed Again In The UK After Being Released For Firearm Possession.

MT - December 10, 2017

A 27 years old man Yusuf Ademola, has been jailed for 12 years after police found a shotgun with two rounds of ammunition at a residential address.…

Entertainment
76 views

Nicki Minaj Acknowledges Skales Birthday Wish

MT - December 10, 2017

Nigerian singer, Skales, took to Instagram to wish American superstar singer, Nicki Minaj happy birthday. His birthday wish read; “Happy birthday queen @nickiminaj …. thanx for the…

PDP Chairmanship Race: Otunba Gbenga Daniel Also Steps Down
Politics
91 views
Politics
91 views

PDP Chairmanship Race: Otunba Gbenga Daniel Also Steps Down

MT - December 10, 2017

A formidable contender for the PDP national chairmanship position, Gbenga Daniel, has stepped down from the race. He made this public in a letter addressed to the…

Jimi Agbaje Withdraws From PDP Chairmanship Election At The Last Minute
Politics
51 views
Politics
51 views

Jimi Agbaje Withdraws From PDP Chairmanship Election At The Last Minute

MT - December 10, 2017

Jimi Agbaje, another aspirant to the office of the national chairman of PDP, has withdrawn from the race. The withdrawal was announced on his verified Twitter handle,…

Tekno Hangouts With Drake In VIP Section Of The Canadian Rapper’s Show
Entertainment
46 views
Entertainment
46 views

Tekno Hangouts With Drake In VIP Section Of The Canadian Rapper’s Show

MT - December 10, 2017

Nigerian superstar singer,Tekno, was pictured with Canadian rap star ,Drakeat the VIP section of the latter’s show. Tekno also took to social media to share a video…

PDP Convention: Ladoja Withdraws From Chairmanship Race, Aligns With Adeniran
Politics
56 views
Politics
56 views

PDP Convention: Ladoja Withdraws From Chairmanship Race, Aligns With Adeniran

MT - December 10, 2017

Senator Rashidi Ladoja, a former Oyo State governor, has withdrawn from the PDP national chairmanship contest, Daily Sun reports. In a statement issued on Saturday, Ladoja urged…

PDP Convention: Will Raymond Dokpesi Step Down? Checkout What He Has to Say
Politics
51 views
Politics
51 views

PDP Convention: Will Raymond Dokpesi Step Down? Checkout What He Has to Say

MT - December 10, 2017

High Chief Raymond Dokpesi, a leading contestant for the position of national chairmanship of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), has declared that he will never step down…

Ronaldo Declares He’s The Best Player In The History Of Football
Sports
55 views
Sports
55 views

Ronaldo Declares He’s The Best Player In The History Of Football

MT - December 10, 2017

Cristiano Ronaldo says he is the "best player in history" after winning his fifth Ballon d’Or on Thursday, according to a report by SkySports. Cristiano Ronaldo The Real Madrid forward…

Loading...