568 Views

8 Things Your Urine Colour Says About Your Health

The kidneys play several crucial roles in the body, notable among which is the formation of urine. Through the medium of urine, the kidneys eliminate excess water, toxins and nitrogenous waste products of metabolism like urea from the body. As simple as this pivotal function may appear, its failure results in the accumulation of these toxic substances within the body with attendant disastrous consequences on the health and wellbeing of the affected individual.

Fortunately, the colour of the urine can serve as a window that provides valuable information regarding the functioning of the kidneys and body as a whole. Hence, any change noticed in urine colour should never be ignored. The normal urine is clear with a straw yellow to amber colour accounted for by a pigment called urochrome. With a 95% water composition, the urine also contains other substances such as urea, uric acid, salts, minerals and so on.

It’s worthy of note that a good number of medical conditions find expression in the colour of the urine ranging from dehydration which is relatively mild and easily corrected to kidney disorders which may be potentially life-threatening e.g renal cancers. Evidently, if the apparent change in your urine colour is due to dehydration, increasing your daily water intake will definitely do the trick and restore your urine to its normal colour. However, persistent urine discolouration such as bloody urine is an alarm sign that necessitates immediate presentation and further assessment at the hospital. Below is a discussion of various possible colours of your urine and what they could mean for your health:

1. Straw yellow to amber
Generally, when your urine is pale yellow to amber coloured, it shows you are well hydrated and there is really nothing to worry about. However, dark shades of yellow such as deep yellow or brown/honey could be pointers to dehydration. More often than not, the urine colour normalises as you increase your fluid intake

2. Transparent or colourless
A transparent or colourless urine points to excessive dilution of urine due to overhydration, use of diuretics (drugs that enhance fluid loss from the body) or diabetes insipidus, a medical condition that occurs as a result of a failure of the posterior pituitary gland to secrete sufficient Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH) or a failure of the kidneys to respond to the hormone leading to passage of copious quantities of overdiluted urine. It’s important to note that if overhydration due to excessive drinking and use of diuretic medications has been excluded, it becomes necessary to consult your doctor for further evaluation.

ALSO READ  Delicious! How To Prepare Nigerian Chicken Curry Sauce

3. Red or Pink
Red bloody urine (haematuria) is often an alarm sign that usually warrants further expert evaluation because it usually points to problems along the urinary tract ranging from infections, stones and cancers to trauma. However, certain things like beets, blueberries and red dyes may also add a red colour to the urine. In addition, the presence of haemoglobin in the urine (haemoglobinuria) due to several conditions like Glucose-6 Phosphate Dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency, sepsis and malaria can colour the urine with a tinge of dark red also described as coke-coloured.

4. Cloudy or milky urine
Passage of cloudy or milky urine often suggests a bacterial urinary tract infection especially when it is accompanied by a burning sensation during urination (dysuria) and/or frequency. The presence of lymphatic fluid in the urine (chyluria) can also give a similar picture.

5. Blue or Green
This is a relatively rare urine colour that could be quite scary. It may be observed in individuals suffering from porphyria, a genetic enzymatic disorder due to a defect during the synthesis of red blood cell haemoglobin. However, artificial colours in foods or drugs as well as medications like methylene blue can also add such a strange colour to the urine. In rare instances, some unusual urinary tract infections can give rise to bluish or greenish urine.

6. Black
A black urine is mostly seen in alkaptonuria, a rare autosomal recessive disorder of tyrosine metabolism leading to accumulation of homogentisic acid in the blood which is then rapidly cleared by the kidneys through the urine. This accounts for the black discolouration of the urine in this condition.

7. Orange
Orange discoloration of the urine can occur after taking some medications like rifampicin and Pyridium. Rifampicin is a first-line anti-tuberculosis drug. In the same vein, consuming orange foods like carrots can add an orange tinge to the urine.

8. Dark Brown
When the urine colour is dark brown, it may be the result of an accumulation of conjugated bilirubin due to severe liver damage. A liver disorder should be suspected if dark brown urine is accompanied by yellowness of the sclera and skin (jaundice) or passage of pale stools. Furthermore, the urine may also appear brown on account of extreme dehydration or consumption of fava beans.

Get the best viral stories straight into your inbox!

Don't worry, we don't spam

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

Latest Posts

The Activities Lined Up For ‘AMFEST EXPO LAGOS 2018’ Unveiled!
Best of Nigeria
48 views
Best of Nigeria
48 views

The Activities Lined Up For ‘AMFEST EXPO LAGOS 2018’ Unveiled!

MT - April 24, 2018

AMFEST EXPO is laden with the responsibility of expanding Africa’s creativity economy into the global market. African practitioners in the area of music, fashion, film, food and…

Revealed: Here Are 6 Online Scams Everyone Need To Be Aware Of And How To Avoid Them
Best of Nigeria
48 views
Best of Nigeria
48 views

Revealed: Here Are 6 Online Scams Everyone Need To Be Aware Of And How To Avoid Them

MT - April 24, 2018

Here are 6 important scams you must watch out for when you are online so as not to fall victim to online fraudsters, according to this article…

2019 Election: Why I’m Not Desperate To Be Nigeria’s President – Atiku Speaks On BBC
Best of Nigeria
58 views
Best of Nigeria
58 views

2019 Election: Why I’m Not Desperate To Be Nigeria’s President – Atiku Speaks On BBC

MT - April 24, 2018

While speaking in an exclusive interview during BBC Hausa morning programme on Tuesday, former vice president, Atiku Abubakar, said he is not desperate to become Nigeria’s president,…

Anti-Malaria: What ‘Ogbono’ Soup Can Improve In Your Body and Health – Research Shows
Best of Nigeria
60 views
Best of Nigeria
60 views

Anti-Malaria: What ‘Ogbono’ Soup Can Improve In Your Body and Health – Research Shows

MT - April 24, 2018

A Pharmacist, Dr Chukwuma Agubata, has said that taking Irvingia Fat from nuts of Irvingia Gabonensis Var Excelsa, known as ‘Ogbono’ soup has helped to improve the…

LISTED: These 3 Habits Can Make You Poor Even If You Have A Reasonable Income
Best of Nigeria
58 views
Best of Nigeria
58 views

LISTED: These 3 Habits Can Make You Poor Even If You Have A Reasonable Income

MT - April 24, 2018

When it comes to money, everyone has a habit that either helps you save or lavish your money. But for those who have a reasonable income and…

How Rapper, Falz’s Security Aides Rough-handled Me – Actress Kate Henshaw Claims
Entertainment
66 views
Entertainment
66 views

How Rapper, Falz’s Security Aides Rough-handled Me – Actress Kate Henshaw Claims

MT - April 24, 2018

Popular Nollywood actress, Kate Henshaw, has taken to her Twitter page on Tuesday to jokingly claim that one of the security aides of rapper, Falz the Bahd…

What I’d Do To Nigeria If I Were God – Popular Apostle Frankly Opens Up
Richest
62 views
Richest
62 views

What I’d Do To Nigeria If I Were God – Popular Apostle Frankly Opens Up

MT - April 24, 2018

Born on Sunday, April 24, 1938, Apostle Hayford Ikponmwonsa Alile, OFR, B.A. MBA (Hon) D.Sc., attended briefly the University of Ibadan as a State Scholar in Physics…

How Cee-C’s Bad Character Caused Her Disgrace – Actress, Susan Peters
Entertainment
69 views
Entertainment
69 views

How Cee-C’s Bad Character Caused Her Disgrace – Actress, Susan Peters

MT - April 24, 2018

Nollywood actress, Susan Peters has taken a swipe at ex-Big Brother Naija 2018 housemate, Cee-C who emerged as 1st runner up. According to Peters, Cee-C’s alleged bad…

Nollywood Actress, Stella Damascus Releases Lovely Photos As She Turns 40
Best of Nigeria
95 views
Best of Nigeria
95 views

Nollywood Actress, Stella Damascus Releases Lovely Photos As She Turns 40

MT - April 24, 2018

Nollywood actress, Stella Damascus has joined the 40 year old gang which includes fellow actresses Omoni Oboli, Omotola, Mercy Aigbe and many more. She marked the birthday…

Video: How Singer, Davido Curved a Groupie That Tried to Hug Him at a Night Club
Entertainment
66 views
Entertainment
66 views

Video: How Singer, Davido Curved a Groupie That Tried to Hug Him at a Night Club

MT - April 24, 2018

Being a celebrity, Davido is susceptible to different types of abuse by women who will do anything to get him in their pants or be his next…

I Will Drop The Biggest Song In Nigeria On April 30 – Davido
Entertainment
55 views
Entertainment
55 views

I Will Drop The Biggest Song In Nigeria On April 30 – Davido

PH - April 24, 2018

Davido says his upcoming single which will be released on April 30 will be the “biggest song in the country”. He said the song is called ‘Assurance’.…

Nigeria’s LPG Sector To Record $10bn Growth In 8 Years – NLPGA
Business
54 views
Business
54 views

Nigeria’s LPG Sector To Record $10bn Growth In 8 Years – NLPGA

PH - April 24, 2018

President of the Nigeria Liquefied Petroleum Gas Association, NLPGA, Mr. Nuhu Yakubu, has predicted the nation’s LPG sector to record $10 billion growth in the next eight…

Meet Lekan Babalola, Nigeria’s Unsung Multiple Grammy Winner
Best of Nigeria
67 views
Best of Nigeria
67 views

Meet Lekan Babalola, Nigeria’s Unsung Multiple Grammy Winner

PH - April 24, 2018

Lekan Babalola is finding his way back home again. Home is Lagos – the city of dreamers and the restless. It was in Lagos that a young…

Tiwa Savage, Gerald Albright To Headline 2018 Runway Jazz
Entertainment
65 views
Entertainment
65 views

Tiwa Savage, Gerald Albright To Headline 2018 Runway Jazz

PH - April 24, 2018

Runway Jazz, an event that brings jazz music and fashion to the same stage, has returned to do it bigger and better. The 2018 edition of the…

Meet Temitope Ogunsemo, 33-Year-Old Nigerian Who Built A $3Million EdTech Company
Best of Nigeria
80 views
Best of Nigeria
80 views

Meet Temitope Ogunsemo, 33-Year-Old Nigerian Who Built A $3Million EdTech Company

MT - April 24, 2018

Forbes magazine has interviewed a young Nigerian entrepreneur who has successfully built a digital education technology company that presently worth $3million in value. His story will motivate…

BBNaija’s Nina Bags Endorsement Deal
Entertainment
58 views
Entertainment
58 views

BBNaija’s Nina Bags Endorsement Deal

PH - April 24, 2018

Nina Chinonso Onyenobi, who came fifth on the BBNaija reality TV show, has landed an endorsement deal with Flawless By Mimi, a beauty supply shop in Nigeria.…

UNILAG Student, Daniel Itsuokor, Wins 2018 National Mathematics Competition
Geeky & Smart
66 views
Geeky & Smart
66 views

UNILAG Student, Daniel Itsuokor, Wins 2018 National Mathematics Competition

PH - April 24, 2018

Daniel Itsuokor has emerged overall best out of 56 participants from 14 universities in a mathematics competition organised by National Mathematical Centre (NMC). Stephen Onah, the director…

UNILORIN Student Develops App For Patients To Get Quick Access To Healthcare
Food and Health
62 views
Food and Health
62 views

UNILORIN Student Develops App For Patients To Get Quick Access To Healthcare

PH - April 24, 2018

Adeshina Taiwo, a 400 Level student of computer science at the University of Ilorin, has developed a web application aimed at improving Nigeria’s healthcare system. The web…

Loading...