Esie: Nigeria’s First Museum

Esie Museum, Nigeria’s first, was established in 1945. It is believed to house the largest number of stone figures in sub-Saharan Africa. It is now receiving a boost in terms of tourists’ visit sas the notion that it is a shrine is gradually fading away.
A visit to the historical place, which is located in Esie, Irepodun local government area of Kwara State, revealed that it needs urgent attention.

Esie is famous for its stone figures which, according to records, were discovered in 1775 by people said to be refugees from old Oyo who migrated to the location where the museum now stands. The initial discovery was by a famous hunter known as Baragon during his hunting expedition, who then went back to tell his people.
The museum, which now has both old and modern galleries, houses more than 2000 objects. For 67 years the gallery was a mud structure which also served as the museum’s store house and general office. Some of the objects in the museum were purchased, some others donated and the rest on loan from other museums across the country.
According to the Curator of the museum, Mrs. Elizabeth Mopelola Omowumi, the old gallery housed between 1000 and 1500 stone figures, while the modern gallery has over 500.
In 2012, a modern gallery was built for that purpose and whoever came to the museum from any part of the country could see an artefact representing its people and cultural heritage. The modern gallery showcases cultural materials from every part of the country unlike before when it had only stone figures.
The Chief Education Officer, Mr. Ajayi Johnson Ademola, the Esie Museum’s oldest staff  at the moment, was employed in 1988. He narrated the history of the museum.
“When I was employed there were about 20 of us but today we are over 40 staff.
“When Baragon discovered this place, he went back to inform his people and they consulted Ifa (Oracle) to ascertain whether the figures were once human and Ifa confirmed they were but turned to stone because of their evil intentions and disobedience to the supreme being. Since then, they were worshipped. In 1933, it was brought to limelight by one of the European missionaries, an education inspector to the area who went back to inform the then colonial governor and the museum was established in 1945,” the Chief Education Officer narrated.
After the discovery and establishment of the museum, there emerged an archaelogical school of thought about the stone figures.
The archaeological thought, according to the Senior Assistant Museum Education Officer, Mr. Robert Omotoya, debunked the oral tradition, insisting that the stone figures were not human beings in the first place but were carved by unknown carvers, though he admitted he did not know the reason for carving them.
“Mere looking at the figures, they are not human size, while they reveal carvers’ working materials under them and they also believe that they were carved during the Stone Age,” Omotaye narrated.
The stone figures were formerly in the custody of the community who worshipped them until their 15th and current king, Oba Babalola Egungunjobi stopped the practice and government took over.
“When the idea of worshipping the stone figures was cancelled, the elite of the community came up with an idea of keeping it up. They then modernised it and named it a monument festival celebrated annually, when there would be series of programme to celebrate it. The celebrations include paper presentation and hunting expedition. The festival is usually in April but it has been stopped in the last two years due to reason best known to the people,” Ademola explained.
According to him: “When we don’t have objects, we usually purchase them or loan from other museums that have excess. We loan some of the objects in the modern gallery from the Lagos museum just like we have some of our objects too on loan to them.
“The price depends on the value of the object because before you can call any object an antiquity in museum, it must have been used for one festival or the other and when they come to museum we regard them as priceless objects. We have different mode of acquisition of objects. We get them through excavation by archaeologists and we have some field workers who negotiate with the owners but the museum usually determines the price. We don’t buy contemporary art work. We buy objects of antiquity while some people donate objects as gift to the museum. We get some through seizure from our border post. Our objects of antiquity can only be taking out outside Nigeria for international exhibition with government approval.”
Usually, the museum ought to acquire objects monthly, but the economy of the country has hampered this.
On the preservation of any object acquired, it is first photographed and then its features are documented along with its origin and usage while a register will be opened for it.
If the object is in bad condition, a conservator takes it to the lab to prevent further deterioration. Objects undergo a form of ‘treatment’ before they are displayed.
Some of the stolen Esie artefacts, found in France, were returned a few years ago, but are still at the National Commission for Museums and Monuments (NCMMs) headquarters in Abuja.
“Some of them were returned through restitution because the International Council of Museum (ICM) has enacted a law which says that every cultural materials in another country other than where they are originally from must be returned to their source which was why we got those ones back. Once they finish all the analysis and write-ups on it, they will return them to Esie. And if it remains there, it is still the same thing because the museum is under one umbrella,” Ademola explained.
Regardless of how much noise is made about Nigeria becoming a tourist haven and income generator, and how much other countries have done to achieve this, Nigerians seem sonly to be paying lip service to this as tourism officials don’t consider places like Esie tourist centres; they rather consider them as shrines and fetish spots.
It is on account of this that staff of the museum embarked on sensitisation exercises to disabuse this perception from the minds of potential and already visiting tourists.
“We have also succeeded in attracting people to visit this place for relaxation and education of our younger generation. We have been carrying out sensitisation programme to market the museum to encourage people to visit,” Omowunmi told Daily Trust.
She added: “The sensitisation programme has also changed people’s thinking about the museum. Initially, many people believed that what we have here are objects of antiquity that we worship. But we were able to convince them with our road show and radio programmes that the museum is not a shrine or a place of fetish but a place of education, relaxation and research.
“Since then, the visit to this place has increased. We usually have about 100 people monthly but now we had more than a thousand people visiting here on a monthly basis and more than 2000 during festival.”
Part of their efforts, she said, include reaching out to law enforcement agencies like the Custom and Immigration to sensitise them on how to identify the contemporary objects and objects of antiquity in our border post.
“Whatever they intercept at the border, they have to inform the museum because the museum is the only accredited agent that can issue export permit and once such object is discovered, the museum has to identify it,” she said.
During the Children’s Day celebration, the museum packages programmes for secondary school students on cultural heritage. They are sensitised on the importance of Nigerian culture and the fact that the museum is not a place of worship, and educated on the stages Nigeria has passed in terms of development.
With all the efforts put forward so far, we make about N10,000 monthly and even this is not regular,” the chief education officer said.
With a recent robbery attack on the museum, Ademola said: “The men of the Nigerian police complement the effort of our security because a police officer is usually posted here at night to support our security and the place has also been secured with the building of fence around the gallery. The security arrangement comprises of internal and external fences to secure objects in the museum.”
The museum has impacted on the community positively. In the area of unemployment, some of the indigenes of Esie have been employed to work in the museum and their economy usually receives some boost whenever people visit the museum.
Source: www.dailytrust.com.ng

Get the best viral stories straight into your inbox!

Don't worry, we don't spam

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

Latest Posts

Photos from Davido’s Friend, Tagbo Umeike’s Burial in Anambra State
Entertainment
32 views
Entertainment
32 views

Photos from Davido’s Friend, Tagbo Umeike’s Burial in Anambra State

PH - October 22, 2017

Davido's friend, Tagbo Umeike who died from suffocation and alcohol poisoning on the eve of his birthday at Shisha Lounge in Lekki, Lagos on October 2, has…

5 Quick And Stunning Facts About The Nigerian That Painted Obama’s Portrait
Best of Nigeria
42 views
Best of Nigeria
42 views

5 Quick And Stunning Facts About The Nigerian That Painted Obama’s Portrait

Mabel - October 21, 2017

The skilled craftsman who is a New York-based representation painter, known for his exceedingly naturalistic depictions of dark individuals in chivalrous postures, will be the main dark…

Eat These Common Foods And Lessen Your Risk Of Colon Cancer
Food and Health
51 views
Food and Health
51 views

Eat These Common Foods And Lessen Your Risk Of Colon Cancer

Mabel - October 21, 2017

You know entire grains are useful for your heart, yet they may have another advantage, as well, as indicated by a new report from the World Cancer Research…

SEE This Nollywood Director’s ‘Birthday Cake’ Everyone Is Talking About – [One Of A Kind]
Entertainment
49 views
Entertainment
49 views

SEE This Nollywood Director’s ‘Birthday Cake’ Everyone Is Talking About – [One Of A Kind]

MT - October 21, 2017

  Nollywood director, Ugezu J. Ugezu who is currently on set with his crew for the making of the movie ‘THRONE OF REVENGE’, celebrated his birthday with…

5 Drugs That Get Nigerians High Far More Than Marijuana
Food and Health
43 views
Food and Health
43 views

5 Drugs That Get Nigerians High Far More Than Marijuana

Mabel - October 21, 2017

  The codeine culture is getting more intensed in north and in urban ranges of Southern Nigeria. It is the most loved medication of decision for some…

Exquisite First Photos From Ex Governor, Mimiko’s Daughter’ Traditional Wedding In Akure
Politics
47 views
Politics
47 views

Exquisite First Photos From Ex Governor, Mimiko’s Daughter’ Traditional Wedding In Akure

MT - October 21, 2017

On Thursday 19th October, 2017, Ondo State’s former Governor Mimiko’s daughter, Bibitayo tied the knot with his sweet heart, Adetola Aderemi in the State’s capital, Akure. Dignitaries…

How Actor Mofe Duncan’s Sister Was Chased To The Point Of Death By FRSC Officials – Friend
Entertainment
34 views
Entertainment
34 views

How Actor Mofe Duncan’s Sister Was Chased To The Point Of Death By FRSC Officials – Friend

MT - October 21, 2017

  Nollywood actor, Mofe Duncan took to Instagram moments ago to narrate how his sister Matilda sustained injuries in an auto accident in Abuja. The accident, according…

Nigeria’s First Lady, Aisha Buhari Relaxes On A Yacht With Wives Of Other Leaders In Turkey (Photos)
Politics
45 views
Politics
45 views

Nigeria’s First Lady, Aisha Buhari Relaxes On A Yacht With Wives Of Other Leaders In Turkey (Photos)

MT - October 21, 2017

Nigeria’s First Lady, Mrs Aisha Buhari was seen with wives of other world leaders relaxing on a yacht in Instanbul while being hosted by the First Lady…

Quick Reminder Facts About ‘Legendary DaGrin’ As Fans Celebrate His 30th Posthumous Birthday
Buzz & Trends
34 views
Buzz & Trends
34 views

Quick Reminder Facts About ‘Legendary DaGrin’ As Fans Celebrate His 30th Posthumous Birthday

Mabel - October 21, 2017

Oladapo Olaitan Olaonipekun, also known as Dagrin (21 October 1987 – 22 April 2010), was an award-winning Nigerian rapper from Ogun, Nigeria. A film of his life…

Atiku’s Ex Daughter-in-law, Miss Ummi Reveals What Led To The Custody Battle With Ex Hubby Aminu
Politics
43 views
Politics
43 views

Atiku’s Ex Daughter-in-law, Miss Ummi Reveals What Led To The Custody Battle With Ex Hubby Aminu

MT - October 21, 2017

In an interview with Punch, Miss Ummi Bukar Bolori, ex wife of Aminu, one of the sons of the former vice president of Nigeria, Abubakar Atiku, reveals…

Kebbi State’s Accountant-General, Mohammed Dakingari, Sentenced To 70yrs Jail Term For This Reason.
Politics
40 views
Politics
40 views

Kebbi State’s Accountant-General, Mohammed Dakingari, Sentenced To 70yrs Jail Term For This Reason.

MT - October 21, 2017

The Court of Appeal Kebbi Division has upturned the judgment of a Kebbi State High Court which discharged and acquitted Mohammed Arzika Dakingari, Accountant General of Kebbi…

This Is What Governor Amosun Is Saying About The Stories Making Round That A Youth Corper Gave Birth To Twins For Him
Politics
61 views
Politics
61 views

This Is What Governor Amosun Is Saying About The Stories Making Round That A Youth Corper Gave Birth To Twins For Him

MT - October 21, 2017

Mr Ibikunle Amosun, the governor of Ogun State, on Friday morning broke his silence on what he considered as the avalanches of rumours and falsehood being peddled…

Bidemi Kosoko Shares Adorable Birthday Photos With Well Wishers
Buzz & Trends
34 views
Buzz & Trends
34 views

Bidemi Kosoko Shares Adorable Birthday Photos With Well Wishers

Mabel - October 21, 2017

Nollywood performing artist and girl of Veteran on-screen character Jide Kosoko, Bidemi Kosoko is a year more established today and the on-screen character has dropped some lovely…

Bishop Oyedepo Speaks On The Spiritual Attack On His Private Jet That Almost Killed Him Recently
Religion
47 views
Religion
47 views

Bishop Oyedepo Speaks On The Spiritual Attack On His Private Jet That Almost Killed Him Recently

MT - October 21, 2017

It was praise, worship and thanksgiving to God yesterday at Canaanland, Otta, the headquarters of the Living Faith Church Worldwide (LFCWW) . The leadership and members of…

PHOTOS: ‘I Wish My Mum Was Alive To See This’ – Davido Gushes As He Takes Photos With Oba Ewuare Of Benin
Entertainment
75 views
Entertainment
75 views

PHOTOS: ‘I Wish My Mum Was Alive To See This’ – Davido Gushes As He Takes Photos With Oba Ewuare Of Benin

MT - October 21, 2017

Nigerian music star, Davido earlier today was pictured with Edo Crown Prince for the first year anniversary of Oba Ewuare II of Benin Kingdom coronation today. The…

How This Nigerian Lady, Ekprimma Called Out An Uyo Doctor For Molesting Her Will Shock You
Shocking
28 views
Shocking
28 views

How This Nigerian Lady, Ekprimma Called Out An Uyo Doctor For Molesting Her Will Shock You

MT - October 21, 2017

An enraged Nigerian lady, Ekprimma Koko is set to go to Uyo on Sunday to probably show the whole world the man who molested her several times…

MBGN 2017 Winner, Ugochi Ihezue Super Excited As She Receives Her Official Car (Photos)
Entertainment
29 views
Entertainment
29 views

MBGN 2017 Winner, Ugochi Ihezue Super Excited As She Receives Her Official Car (Photos)

MT - October 21, 2017

Newly crowned Most Beautiful Girl in Nigeria, Ugochi Ihezue has received her official Car. The model who beat 35 contestants and walked home with the Crown got…

Former Militant Leader, Asari Dokubo Has This Strong Message For President Buhari (New Video)
Politics
38 views
Politics
38 views

Former Militant Leader, Asari Dokubo Has This Strong Message For President Buhari (New Video)

MT - October 21, 2017

Former Niger Delta militant leader, Asari Dokubo, has come for President Buhari again. In this new video, Dokubo described the President as a ''satan'' for neglecting people…

Loading...