Facts about Kamuku National Park, Kaduna State
Kamuku National Park has a total land area of 1121sqkm of typical savanna woodland vegetation and a wide variety of birds and other animals like elephants, antelopes, oribi, waterbuck, wet cat, green monkey, side stripped hyena and jackal.
Located in Birnin Gwari, Kaduna State, Kamuku National Park is also a home to the Secretary Bird (Sagittarius serpentarius), Denhams Bustard (Neotis denhami) and Abyssinian Ground Hornbill (Bucorvus abyssinicus).
The terrain is largely flat, rising gradually eastwards to the Birnin Gwari Ridge, which forms part of the eastern boundary. The park has Guinea Savanna vegetation with, in places, some transitional Sudan Savanna elements. Dominant tree species of the park include Isoberlinia doka, Terminalia avicennioides and Detarium macrocarpum.
Also common are Danellia oliveri, Nauclea latifolia, Acacia spp., Lophira lanceolata,Parkia biglobosa, Prosopis africana and Isoberlinia tomentosa. Elaeis guineensis is common in riparian forests that line small, seasonal rivers. Together with the forest reserves in this area the park represents one of the best remaining blocks of Sudan–Guinea Savanna vegetation in the country’s protected-area system.
The park has an average annual rainfall of 1,250mm with average temperature of 300C. It has two seasons, the dry season which starts from November to April and raining season from May to November. The hottest months are March and April, while the coldest month is December and January during the harmattan period when temperature drops to the freezing point in the evening and morning.
Dogon Ruwa Waterfall: This is one of the major natural features at Kamuku National Park and it is located at the Northern end of the park, along Birnin Gwari-Funtua Road. The fall takes its source from two water bodies – one from Birnin Gwari and the other from old Gugama stream. The two sources joined at Kurazovillage and flow directly to the park. The fall is scenic and usually very attractive during dry season. It is normally used by tourist for camping, educational purpose and other water sports such as diving, fishing, canoeing etc.
Mai’lawa Dam: Another natural feature of note is the Mai’lawa Dam, which is located approximately at the center of the park. The dam flows from Kufaki streams also found within the park. It is the main water body that holds water for the animal all year round, and also serves as a centre of attraction because of the high concentration of animals, most especially, during the dry season. Reptiles such as crocodiles are easily sighted within the area.
Museum: The park’s museum is where objects of artistic, cultural, historical and scientific interests are kept for public viewing. It has wildlife trophies, collection of animal specimen such as skin, legs and head of roan antelope, bush buck, ostrich and elephant. The natural history of the animals is also on display which made it educational and very informative.
Kamuku National Park also has a guest house known as Kada Motel which are meant for tourist accommodation and relaxation. Kada motel also provides standard catering services for visitors and the residents of Birnin Gwari at large.
Fauna & Flora: Another major attractions at Kamuku National Park are the fauna and flora of the park. Animals such as elephant serves as a major attraction for the tourists. There is also a large population of duiker, which are commonly sighted in the park couple with 177 documented species of birds (both residents and inter African migrants and several species of reptiles).
Also, the park has other animals such as buffalo, bubal hartebeest, anubis baboon, tantalus monkey, lion, leopard, hippopotamus, roan antelope, kob and warthog, etc. It is also associated with some rich cultural features, some of which are sacred like the old Parnomo shrine, scenic hills, rock outcrops, perennial streams etc.