History And Culture Of Babur/Bura People
According to history there was a mass movement of people from Yemen in the Middle East to the Nile valley
and by A.D.600.They had dispersed and reached the Sudan and Sahara. The Babur Bura people together with other
tribes like Luguda are believed to have migrated from Yemen via Sudan through the Chad Basin [Kanem of Borno
region] to the present Babur Bura land in Borno and Adamawa state. In Borno state, the Babur Bura people are
found in the following local Government Areas, Biu, Hawul, Kwaya kusar, Shani and Bayo while in Adamawa State, they reside mainly in Garkida in Gombi Local Government Area.
Famous Babur Bura villages and towns includes Biu, Garkida ,Kwajaffa ,Sakwa, Marama, Shaffa, Wandali, Kida,
Miringa, Buratai, Zuwa, Yimirshika ,Hyera ,Dayar, Fumwa, Azare, Gwaski, Diragina, Yimana, Gwallam, Tiraku,
Shindiffu, Goski, Pela Birni, Wangdang, Bula taw ewe, Kogu Tashan Alade, Kida, da hang shang etc. Each of this
places have its own unique history. For example the founder of the present Royal dynasty of Biu is Yamta -ra wala or
Yamta the great. Local tradition asserts that Yamta was the son of a Mandara woman who already carrying him in her womb at the time she was taken into the Mai of Borno’s household. Yamta was brought up as a Kanuri. Yamta
established sizeable kingdom for himself in the area bounded by the Gongola and the village of Kopchi, with his first
capital at a place called Limbur between Chikorkur and Mandaragrau. Yamta’s grave is still identified at Limbur.
The Babur people are mostly, the inhabitants of Biu and its Immediate environment while the Bura people are the rural inhabitants of the Babur Bura land . The Babur Bura language is linguistically classified as Afro-Asiatic, Chadic
and Biu-Mandara. The Bura language has great affinity and similarity with Chibok, Marghi, Higgi , Kilba and Bazza.
The Babur Bura people are found in large numbers in Borno, Adamawa, Gombe and Yobe States. THE BABUR/
BURA PEOPLE. The various names that the Babur Bura people are known with include; Babur, Bura, Babir, Pabir with subgroups including Bura Pela , Bura Hilhauwul, plain Bura and plain Pabir. The Babur Bura person can be picked from the crowd by virtue of his /her intonation, intelligence, inclination and independence. Most Babur Bura people are known by either their clan names (thimfwal or thim-geli) ,individual names ,village or town names. The famous Babur Bura clan names mostly associated with the Menfolk include: Gwary, Balami, Mshelia, Bwala, Zoaka, Ndahi, Mshel’izah, Mshelgaya, Wakawa, Durkwa, Mbaya, Malgwi, Bassi, Dibal, Shallangwa, Bdliya, Yakda, Tarfa, Hena, Wudiri, Dahwa, Bumba, Kwari, Banu, Bassi, Mshelwaksha, Ngadda, Mshelbila, Mshelgaru, Mshelbara, Mshelbula, Thlahal, etc. The feminine clan names include: Jauni, Zhawa, Kwatamdia, Kwarmiksa, Zoaka, Hindi etc, Famous Bura individual names include: Anjili, Anjikwi, Kubli, Kucheli, Arhyel, Hyelsinta, Hyelni, Hyelkuzuku, Hyelajaka, Hyeladzira, Maravi, Madika, Mindira, Hyelduku, Yiharami, Mbwidiffu, Aviyama, Hyaratawa, Zharakahyel, Dzamakwa, Asuku, Hyelhamta, Mbursa, Dahirwa, Wakumahyel, Watrahyel, Kadala, Lemsu, Ciwar, Kadafur, Kwatikar, Mapindar, Madawi ,Matagi, Machabiri, Magira, Mangawa, Angawa, etc.
Traditionally and culturally, the Babur Bura person can speak the language fluently, can dance bansuwee and waksha-waksha, eats and enjoys shaptang ka dana , kavila and taraku, understands karapu and narrate makubtha and generally intelligent and industrious. Try the Babur Bura person with music from yagandi, tsinza, gullum or ganga and you will see what I am talking about.
BABUR/ BURA COMMUNITY; CHALLENGES AND CONCLUSION.
The average Babur Bura person is naturally independent, intelligent and industrious. The challenge is we must unite,
help each other, promote our culture, tradition and language. We must teach our language to our children. We must
support one another where ever we are and in whatever position we are .We must raise our political, intellectual and
business consciousness for the sake of ourselves and children. We give titles and Honours to whom is due. As a
matter of fact I suggest we begin to honour our people with Bura home grown and indigenous titles and honours like
“Mdirsinsu” “Mdanapwa” “Mdi gigibu” ‘Mdi msira” ‘Mdi wala” “Mdir jirkur’ “Mdir dthar mda” instead of or in addition to Hausa titles like ‘Maiyaki” “Masani” “Maigari” etc. The names of our traditional rulers should be traditional like ‘Kuthir Biu” instead of Sarkin Biu” ‘Kuthir zara” instead of “Mai Angwa” and traditional variants of “Ajiya” “Lawan” ‘Bulama” etc. Villages that have Hausa names like “Tashan Alade” “Sabon Gari” “Sabon Kasuwa” should have their Bura names emphasized and used. We should as much as possible give Bura names to our children. We should promote and protect the language and culture of our people beyond our generation and our boundaries.