Basically, there are 5 skin care types: normal, dry, oily, combination and sensitive. Your skin type is determined by how much or how little oil your skin produces.
Genes, diet, stress level, hormonal fluctuations, medication and even skincare regimen all determine how much oil skin produces and you may find your skin type changes frequently going from dry to oily to normal all in the course of a matter of months, it is normal.
The initial quality, or type, of your skin is genetically determined meaning that you are born with it.
Knowing your skin type will help you determine what types of products to use on your skin to make it healthier, it is absolutely necessary in order to to make the decision about a proper skin care or treatment. However, the health and beauty of the skin later in life largely depends on what one eat and how one take care of one’s body. To determine your skin type, use a simple test with a clean facial tissue (or paper) to wipe your face in the morning, when you have just woken up.
Normal skin: This is the least problematic of all skin type, this skin type has medium pores, a smooth and even texture, good circulation and a healthy colour. The skin type looks clean and smooth and has a good circulation and healthy complexion. Even with a minimum care, it will look good well into advanced age. If your skin belongs to a normal type, the tissue will not reveal any traces of oil. Your skin should feel vibrant, elastic, and supple.
Dry skin: This skin type requires special care, this skin fluctuation can definitely be attributed to hormones. Dry skin feels tight, especially after cleansing, there is tendency towards fine wrinkles, flaking and red patches. In women of colour, skin may appear ashy or dull from dead skin build-up. If your skin is dry, the paper will be clean, too, but your face skin will feel flaky, dry, and tight after you have wiped it.
Oily skin: This is a shiny skin, the good thing about oily skin is it ages better than dry skin because the oils keep the skin plump allowing fewer wrinkles to form. Many young women have oily skin but as they age, they may find their skin becomes more dry, especially after age 35. Oily skin may have enlarged pores, and may be prone to blackheads and breakouts due to the overproduction of the sebaceous (oil-producing) glands. If you have oily skin, the paper will have spots of facial oil on it, corresponding to the areas of your cheeks, nose, and forehead. Oily skin is problematic, it usually looks greasy.
Combination skin: Combination skin means you may have a slightly oily T-zone and drier cheeks with dry patchy spots here and there. If your skin is combination, like that of most women, the tissue will have traces of oil coming from your nose and forehead, but will be clean in the areas that touched your cheeks.
Sensitive skin: Sensitive skin tends to be thin, and delicate with fine pores. If you are easily irritated by the sun, certain cosmetic products and if you are prone to redness, itchy patches or blotchy skin, you likely have sensitive skin. Sensitive skin is usually very dry, tends to feel tight, and becomes inflamed and irritated easily, sensitive skin develops reddish and scaly areas, can be itchy and tingly, and is prone to breaking into spots. It is the most problematic and fragile type of skin, which needs a very special type of care.
So what skin type is your skin?