Kyphosis(Hunch Back) is from Greek word κυφός kyphos meaning a[b] hump[/b]. It refers to the abnormally excessive convex kyphotic curvature of the spine as it occurs in the cervical, thoracic and sacral regions.
Kyphosis, also known as a round back or hunchback, is a condition in which the spine in the upper back has an excessive curvature. The upper back, or thoracic region of the spine, is supposed to have a slight natural curve. The spine naturally curves in the neck, upper back, and lower back to help absorb shock and support the weight of the head. Kyphosis occurs when this natural arch is larger than normal.
Kyphosis can affect people of any age. However, it rarely occurs in newborns because it is usually caused by poor posture. Kyphosis caused by poor posture is called postural kyphosis.
Other potential causes of kyphosis include:
1. Aging (especially if you have poor posture)
2. Muscle weakness in the upper back
3. Scheuermann’s disease (occurs in children and has no known cause)
4. Arthritis or other bone degeneration diseases
5. Osteoporosis (loss of bone strength due to age)
6. Injury to the spine
7. Slipped discs
8. Scoliosis (spinal curvature)
Less commonly, the following may also lead to kyphosis:
9. infection in the spine
10. Birth defects, such as spina bifida tumors
11. Diseases of the endocrine system
12. Diseases of the connective tissues
15. Paget’s disease
16. Muscular dystrophy