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Signs And Symptoms Of 6 Common STIs Notable With Nigerians

Decades after, it has been made known through accessible information that the rate at which sexually transmitted sickness spreads in Nigeria is disturbing.

Albeit one might want to feel this ought to be a thing of worry to just city tenants, it does the trick to state that there is a quick development of these maladies to country regions also.

In actuality, it can be contended that inferable from absence of legitimate introduction with respect to STDs, the circumstance in provincial zones is as more awful as it is in urban regions.

However, if we’re serious as a people in any way whatsoever, this issue should have been taken seriously enough to attract government attention to initiate necessary control measures to prevent those consequences that cannot be separated from these diseases.

But we also know that to depend on government is to leave the lives of both old and young Nigerians at risk, that’s why we’re taking it upon ourselves to create the awareness of the most prevalent STDs in Nigeria.

1. Chlamydia

Listed as one of the most common diseases that can be transmitted sexually, chlamydia is a bacterial infection that is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis.

Early-stage of this disease usually comes with no sign or symptoms, therefore, making Chlamydia difficult to detect.

And when they do occur, it takes one to three weeks after you’ve been exposed to chlamydia. The signs and symptoms seem to be always mild and passing, making them easy to overlook.

Here are the signs and symptoms of chlamydia

  1. Painful urination

  2. Lower abdominal pain

  3. Vaginal discharge in women

  4. Discharge from the joystick in men

  5. Pain during sexual intercourse in women

  6. Bleeding between periods in women

  7. Testicular pain in men

2. Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is not only a common infection in Nigeria, it is also one of the serious STDs that threaten our wellbeing.

Caused by the bacterium known as Neisseria Gonorrhea, gonorrhea is a bacterial infection of the genital tract.

Surprisingly, the bacteria can also grow in the mouth, throat, eyes, and anus.

Usually, gonorrhea symptoms start appearing within ten days after exposure. But various studies have shown that there are rare cases of people experiencing signs and symptoms, months after infection.

Here are the signs and symptoms of gonorrhea

  1. Thick, cloudy or bloody discharge from the joystick or vagina

  2. Pain or burning sensation when urinating

  3. Heavy menstrual bleeding or bleeding between periods

  4. Painful, swollen testicles

  5. Painful bowel movements

  6. Anal itching

3. Syphilis

Syphilis is another serious transmitted disease that has the tendency of becoming deadly if not treated beforehand.

Caused by the bacterium known as Treponema Pallidum, research shows that syphilis has increased over time. And this is believed to be happening because the starting of this disease goes undetected.

Syphilis is likely to attack the heart, brain and nearly all internal organs as time goes on.

4. Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is an infection of the vagina for women and the urethra for men. It is caused by microscopic parasites called Trichomonas vaginalis. It is mostly contracted through sexual intercourse.

Additionally, it can be spread by bathing suits, towels, and washcloths shared by an infected individual. The parasite is capable of living outside the body for hours.

And when trichomoniasis causes symptoms, they may appear within five to twenty-eight days of exposure and range from mild irritation to severe inflammation.

 Symptoms of trichomoniasis

  1. Clear, white, greenish or yellowish vaginal discharge

  2. Discharge from the joystick

  3. Strong vaginal odor

  4. Vaginal itching or irritation

  5. Itching or irritation inside the joystick

  6. Pain during sexual intercourse

  7. Painful urination

5. Herpes

Genital herpes is a common sexually transmitted disease (STD) that can be gotten by any sexually active person.

Usually, the herpes virus causes sores that appear on the vaginal area, penis and/or the anus. It can, sometimes, appear around the mouth.

Herpes can only be suppressed but it never goes away. It can return, and it is contagious even when there are no visible sores.

 Signs and symptoms of herpes

  1. Fever like sore around the mouth

  2. Painful urination

  3. Loss of appetite

  4. Tender, enlarged lymph nodes

  5. A tingling, burning or itching sensation around your genitals, and sometimes down your leg

  6. Painful red blisters that burst to leave sores around your genitals, rectum, thighs, and buttocks

  7. Blisters and ulcers on the cervix in women

6. HIV

HIV which is the most dreaded of them all is an infection with the human immunodeficiency virus that interferes with the body’s ability to fight off viruses, bacteria, and fungi.

Most times, if not properly managed, it can lead to AIDS, a chronic, life-threatening disease.

Here are signs and symptoms of HIV

  1. Fever

  2. Headache

  3. Sore throat

  4. Swollen lymph glands

  5. Rash

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