966 Views
1 Comments

Snail Farming: Factors to consider when starting……..

The act or science of raising snails for food is called Heliculture (Snail farming). Snails belong to the second largest group in the animal kingdom Phylum molusca, among the invertebrates i.e. animal without backbone. Snails are hermaphroditic (capable of self-fertilization) in nature; this means that each snail has both the male and female reproductive organs. Snails reproduce rapidly; they are capable of producing more than 300 eggs, which hatch into snails. It is now possible to produce 1,000,000 snails twice a year. This is made possible because of the availability of the highly prolific ACHATINA MARGINATA species of snails, which lay 200-400 in one batch 2-3 times a year.

Snail is a very healthy source of meat, also high in protein, phosphorus, calcium and iron, and low in fats, sodium and cholesterol. There are many species of edible snails; they vary in shape, size and colour.  Examples are the Africa giant land Snail, Fresh water Snail, Small size Snails, Periwinkle. Snails cut across vital areas as food, the pharmaceutical industry, manufacturing and fishing industries.

The prolific nature (of reproduction) and the market value (high demand) of snail bridge the gap and compensate farmers for its long gestation period of 2years. Snail farming in Nigeria requires small capital and the running cost is low, the farm size is determined by the capital and the location of the farm. For commercial farming, it is necessary to acquire a permanent land. The giant West Africa snail (Achatina Marginata) is the best specie for snail farming due to its prolificacy.

 

FACTORS TO CONSIDER

Environment – Snails are easily dehydrated, and wind increases the rate of moisture loss in snail which in turn, leads to dryness for the animal. To prevent snails from losing water so quickly the snail house must be located in an environment that is protected from wind. A little damp and humid environment is suitable for farming.

Soil Type – The snail’s major habitat is the soil, and soil contains some of the components and chemical substances that it needs to survive. The soil type should be rich and contain a high level of organic matter. Clayey and compact soil should be avoided totally because of the level of acidity. Porous soil is also not good for snail farming. Hence, the suitable soil for snail farming is sandy-loamy soil with low water holding capacity. Soil must be balanced, not waterlogged, because the snail also lays its eggs and drinks water out of the soil. The shell of the snail is mainly calcium and it derives most of it from the soil.

ALSO READ  Nigerian Cows Are The Worst Milk Producers Globally - Agric Minister

Source – Snail source is an important aspect in this type of farming, it is sensible to get snails directly from the forest or buy from a reliable dealer in the market. The forest techniques could be really tricky. Snails can be gotten from the forest with a basic technique; clear a small portion of land during rainy season and drop fruits like pineapple, pawpaw, plantain, banana by 4/ 5pm  in the evening. Come back at about 7pm or 8pm, you will pick up snails suitable for farming. Repeat this process until you get a reasonable amount.

Housing – Housing varies, snail can be reared in boxes made of suitable substances like wire gauze (net), wood, straw etc .One thing to put into consideration when building a snail house is the direction and speed of wind. Wind is a means of dehydration and is therefore bad for snail farming. Damp and humid environment are suitable for snails so it’s required of you to plant tree crops like cocoa, plantain or banana around the house as a wind breaker and to promote the humidity. Cocoyam, sweet potato, waterleaf may be planted inside the pens to supplement the diet and to serve as shade. If snail pen is large enough it should be divided into paddocks of not more than 4x4meters to prevent overcrowding and to maintain a regular stocking density. Wire net is ideal for this purpose.

 Food/Feeding – Snails mainly feeds on green leaves and fruits (vegetables, leaves, fruits and decaying organic matter) though they can utilize other ranges of foods. Aside food to grow tissues, snails need calcium to grow shells. Feeding of snail should be regular. Food waste like maize bran, wheat bran is also good to feed snail.

Harvesting– Maturity takes 2 years. Only matured snails should be harvested. Check the brim of the shell. For matured snails, the brim is thicker and harder than other parts of the shell. Do not harvest all the matured ones for the market. Keep a few for breeding and to serve as base stock.

Pests and Diseases: Termites, lizards, snakes, ants, chickens, geese and turkeys are the common enemies of snails and should be prevented by all means. There are not many diseases identified in snail but fungus and bacterial diseases which are spread by contact have been noticed in overcrowded pens.

In the dry season, it will be ideal to irrigate the snail farm regularly or else the snails will hibernate. If there is drought, snails can hibernate for up to 2 years as is the case for desert snails.

Get the best viral stories straight into your inbox!

Don't worry, we don't spam

One Comment

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

Latest Posts

Photos Of Multi-Billion Naira Ultra-Modern Deeper Life Church Auditorium Just Completed In Lagos
Religion
41 views
Religion
41 views

Photos Of Multi-Billion Naira Ultra-Modern Deeper Life Church Auditorium Just Completed In Lagos

MT - April 26, 2018

The new Deeper Life multi-billion naira ultra-modern church auditorium which reportedly gulped about N5 billion has been commissioned. The 30,000 capacity church located in Gbagada area of…

#LazyYouths: Bauchi Residents Match Out in Numbers to Welcome President Buhari on a 2-Day Working Visit
Politics
42 views
Politics
42 views

#LazyYouths: Bauchi Residents Match Out in Numbers to Welcome President Buhari on a 2-Day Working Visit

MT - April 26, 2018

President Buhari is in Bauchi state on a 2-day working visit. Residents of the state including children, filed out in their numbers to welcome him.

‘Legbegbe’ Star, Mr Real ‘Signs’ Deal With Sony Music Africa
Entertainment
37 views
Entertainment
37 views

‘Legbegbe’ Star, Mr Real ‘Signs’ Deal With Sony Music Africa

PH - April 26, 2018

Mr Real, the artiste behind the commercially successful ‘Legbegbe’, has signed a deal with Sony Music Entertainment Africa. The entertainment company made the development known in a…

D’banj’s CREAM Hits ‘3.5m Subscribers’
Entertainment
33 views
Entertainment
33 views

D’banj’s CREAM Hits ‘3.5m Subscribers’

PH - April 26, 2018

Dbanj on Wednesday said his Creative, Reality, Entertainment, Arts and Music (CREAM) platform has hit 3.5 million subscribers. CREAM, a platform which provides upcoming artistes the opportunity…

WATCH: Banky W Talks About EME and Why He Featured Adesua Etomi on His Song
Entertainment
43 views
Entertainment
43 views

WATCH: Banky W Talks About EME and Why He Featured Adesua Etomi on His Song

PH - April 26, 2018

Singer Banky W was on Hip TV recently to discuss a myriad of topics including the 2019 elections and why he featured his wife Adesua Etomi on…

WATCH: Toke Makinwa Opens up About Struggle with Fibroid and Recent Surgery
Entertainment
55 views
Entertainment
55 views

WATCH: Toke Makinwa Opens up About Struggle with Fibroid and Recent Surgery

PH - April 26, 2018

Watch this week’s episode of Toke Makinwa‘s Toke Moments as the author and media personality opens up on her struggle with Fibroids, her recent surgery and her…

Mikel Obi Speaks Ahead Of Super Eagles’ Clash With England
Sports
97 views
Sports
97 views

Mikel Obi Speaks Ahead Of Super Eagles’ Clash With England

MT - April 25, 2018

John Mikel Obi says the Super Eagles will put their best foot forward during the international friendly match against the Three Lions of England. The game is…

Like Cee-C, Nina Also Gets iPhone X, Hair and Cash Gifts from Tonto Dikeh and Bobrisky
Entertainment
87 views
Entertainment
87 views

Like Cee-C, Nina Also Gets iPhone X, Hair and Cash Gifts from Tonto Dikeh and Bobrisky

MT - April 25, 2018

Nollywood actress Tonto Dikeh has heightened her social media beef with singer and Instagram influencer, Tunde Ednut. This is coming after Tunde Ednut mocked a video shared…

Revealed: How Korede Bello Paid For His Distinction Results From Nigerian Institute Of Journalism
Entertainment
88 views
Entertainment
88 views

Revealed: How Korede Bello Paid For His Distinction Results From Nigerian Institute Of Journalism

MT - April 25, 2018

Mavin artiste, Korede Bello who graduated from the Nigerian Institute of Journalism with a distinction in Mass Communication (HND),just four days ago has explained in details how…

A Look At The Lagos Slum Where Land Is Allocated At N2k And Residents Live In Dirt
Shocking
95 views
Shocking
95 views

A Look At The Lagos Slum Where Land Is Allocated At N2k And Residents Live In Dirt

MT - April 25, 2018

Life at Mosquito village, a slum in Lagos state, is disgusting, brutal, weird, ephemeral, yet entertaining. The residents live in the cozy embrace of the filth surrounding…

SEE What Eating Dark Chocolate Does To Your Memory And Immunity – New Study
Best of Nigeria
84 views
Best of Nigeria
84 views

SEE What Eating Dark Chocolate Does To Your Memory And Immunity – New Study

MT - April 25, 2018

A new research showed that consuming dark chocolate with a high concentration of cacao has positive effects on stress levels, inflammation, mood, memory and immunity. Presented on…

PHOTOS: This Is How Nigerian Singer, D’banj Is Living Like A King In Dubai
Best of Nigeria
102 views
Best of Nigeria
102 views

PHOTOS: This Is How Nigerian Singer, D’banj Is Living Like A King In Dubai

MT - April 25, 2018

Without a shadow of doubt, D’banj is one artist who qualifies to be described as famous and rich. He also has so much style, so when he…

G-Worldwide Entertainment Unveils 2 New Artists, Easy Jay and Ajura
Entertainment
83 views
Entertainment
83 views

G-Worldwide Entertainment Unveils 2 New Artists, Easy Jay and Ajura

PH - April 25, 2018

G-Worldwide has just announced the latest additions to their rosters; Easy Jay and Ajura. The records Head of Artist Management, Louiza Williams said: We are thrilled to…

Why I Escaped From Police – Senator Melaye
Politics
101 views
Politics
101 views

Why I Escaped From Police – Senator Melaye

PH - April 25, 2018

Senator Dino Melaye has said that he jumped down from a moving police vehicle, which resulted in his hospitalization on Tuesday to prevent being taken to Lokoja,…

WATCH: DJ Neptune talks on his Challenges and Success Story on EbonyLife TV’s “EL Now”
Entertainment
89 views
Entertainment
89 views

WATCH: DJ Neptune talks on his Challenges and Success Story on EbonyLife TV’s “EL Now”

PH - April 25, 2018

In the new episode of EbonyLife TV‘s EL NOW, the talented DJ Neptune discusses the trials and challenges that he has encountered on his journey to becoming…

Singer Korede Bello Bags Degree from Nigerian Institute of Journalism
Entertainment
96 views
Entertainment
96 views

Singer Korede Bello Bags Degree from Nigerian Institute of Journalism

PH - April 25, 2018

Mavins record act, Korede Bello is proof that if you set you mind to achieve a certain goal, nothing can hold you back. In a post on…

Drums Festival Generated Lots Of Income For The Government – Governor Amosun
Art, History and Culture
102 views
Art, History and Culture
102 views

Drums Festival Generated Lots Of Income For The Government – Governor Amosun

PH - April 25, 2018

The Governor of Ogun State, Ibikunle Amosun has stated that the just concluded Africa Drums Festival hosted by the state, generated a lot of income for both…

I Sat For UTME Six Times – 26-year-old First Class Graduate
Geeky & Smart
101 views
Geeky & Smart
101 views

I Sat For UTME Six Times – 26-year-old First Class Graduate

PH - April 25, 2018

A 26 year old first class graduate of the Department of Applied Chemistry, Usman Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Simon Godwin Idoko, has opened up on how he was…

Loading...