34 Views

Top 5 Killer Diseases in Nigeria

[​IMG]

There is no gainsaying the fact that Health is Wealth. However, quite unfortunately, countless families have been reduced to abject poverty and misery by reason of the huge health costs incurred during repeated or protracted hospital admissions to manage complications and disabilities resulting from these ‘Killer’ diseases that will be discussed in this piece.

To say the least, what about the numerous promising lives that are being claimed by these lethal diseases on a daily basis?
Evidently, the impact of these medical conditions cannot be overemphasized. Hence, for the wise, prevention is better than cure.

Malaria
Arguably the most overlooked illness in Nigeria, malaria keeps wreaking havoc on a daily basis, especially among younger children (Under-Fives) who have yet to develop sufficient immunity against Plasmodium falciparum, the commonest causative agent of malaria.

According to the Nigeria Malaria Fact sheet, about 100 million cases of malaria are recorded annually in Nigeria with over 300,000 deaths. Sadly, the majority of these victims are children.
Furthermore, children under five are also more susceptible to a severe form of malaria (Cerebral Malaria) that occurs as a result of infestation of the young brain by the malaria parasite and may eventually lead to dreaded neurological sequelae like mental retardation, deafness, blindness and so on.

However, the good news is there are effective strategies geared towards reducing the burden of malaria viz the use of insecticide-treated mosquito nets (ITNs), Intermittent Preventive Treatment for pregnant women (IPT) and prompt diagnosis and treatment of cases. Currently, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends the use of Artemisinin-based Combination Therapies (ACTs) as the first-line in malaria treatment.

Cancers of the Reproductive tract
Needless to mention that cancers, especially of the reproductive tract are potentially fatal such that a diagnosis of cancer is sufficient to drive cold down the spine of anyone. Only recently, Nigeria lost one of her finest, Prof Dora Akunyili to endometrial cancer after 2yrs of battling with the scary diagnosis.

Cervical and Breast cancers are the commonest in women, while for men, it is prostate cancer.
A research conducted by Cervical Cancer Global Crisis Card revealed that about 9,659 Nigerian women die annually from cervical cancer, with the frightening implication that, on average, one Nigerian woman dies of this cancer every hour.

Also, 1-2 in every 25 Nigerian women is at risk of breast cancer.
Furthermore, in a prospective study carried out on Nigerian men above 45yrs with prostatic symptoms, it was found that approximately 64% of patients newly diagnosed with prostate cancer died within 2yrs of diagnosis.

The bottom line, however, is that these cancers are largely preventable through regular Pap smear screening tests and vaccination for cervical cancer; regular self-breast examination (for lumps) to detect breast cancer.
While there is no fail-proof measure to prevent prostate cancer, you
may reduce your risk by eating healthy (less fat, more fruits/vegetables) and regular exercise.

Diarrhoeal disease
A WHO Report in 2011 revealed that diarrhoeal illnesses claimed
173,878 lives annually in Nigeria, amounting to about 10% of total deaths. Regrettably, about 760,000 under-five children die annually from diarrhoea worldwide and majority are due to dehydration. To make matters even worse, several mothers attach little or no importance to diarrhoea and simply dismiss it as a natural accompaniment of teething.

It is noteworthy, however, that simple measures like proper hygiene, administration of Oral Rehydration Salts (ORS) and zinc supplementation would suffice to reverse this ugly trend.

Cardiovascular Disorders
The cardiovascular disorders namely stroke (Cerebrovascular Accident), hypertension, heart failure and heart attack (Coronary Artery Disease) are important causes of sudden death in Nigeria. Previously thought to be limited to the Western world, it has become obvious that these disorders are now quite common with us.
A former Governor of Ondo State, Chief Olusegun Agagu was reported to have slumped and died possibly following a heart attack. While it is worrisome that about 57 million Nigerians, representing approximately one-third of the entire population are hypertensive, it is even more worrisome that the majority of cases are detected only after dreaded complications have set in. Little wonder hypertension is aptly described as the ‘silent killer’.

Diabetes and Obesity are also closely related to the aforementioned cardiovascular disorders and they contribute their own quota to the death toll.
However, simple lifestyle modifications like avoidance of smoking, regular exercises and drug compliance will go a long way to prevent these conditions or possible complications that may arise from them.

HIV/AIDS
This dreaded infection is mostly contracted through contact with infected blood or body fluids during unprotected sex with affected individuals, unsafe blood transfusion, sharing of needles. Mother-to-child transmission also occurs before, during and after delivery.
A report from the National Agency for the Control of AIDS (NACA) stated that 3.4 million Nigerians were living with this condition, putting Nigeria on the second spot behind South Africa in terms of HIV global burden.

Fortunately, while a diagnosis of HIV/AIDS could easily mean a death sentence a few years back, the same cannot be said about the disease today. Thanks to the advent of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) medications which have recorded a huge success in combating the scourge of HIV/AIDS by improving the quality of life of patients.

In conclusion, it is glaring from the foregoing that simple preventive measures and healthy lifestyles can safeguard you from these killer diseases. My candid advice to you is endeavour to stay healthy at all times.

Get the best viral stories straight into your inbox!

Don't worry, we don't spam

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

Latest Posts

Ecobank Introduces Cardless Cash Withdrawal Service
Business
2 views
Business
2 views

Ecobank Introduces Cardless Cash Withdrawal Service

PH - September 25, 2017

Ecobank said it is striving to address the needs of the unbanked (and the general populace) by transforming a mobile phone into an all-in-one bank account and…

Why We Tagged UNILORIN, A Terrorist Organisation – ASUU Leadership
Shocking
14 views
Shocking
14 views

Why We Tagged UNILORIN, A Terrorist Organisation – ASUU Leadership

MT - September 25, 2017

The Academic Staff Union of Universities has described the University of Ilorin as a terrorist organisation after the institution reportedly sacked the ASUU chairman in the school,…

Checkout Photo Of Pastor Chris Oyakhilome And His Daughter, Sharon
Religion
13 views
Religion
13 views

Checkout Photo Of Pastor Chris Oyakhilome And His Daughter, Sharon

Mabel - September 25, 2017

Pastor Chris Oyakhilome’s Daughter, Carissa Sharon has shared an adorable picture of herself and her dad, at an event in South Africa. Sharon shared the below selfie…

Here Is Today’s Naira to Dollar Exchange Rate – September 25, 2017.
Business
21 views
Business
21 views

Here Is Today’s Naira to Dollar Exchange Rate – September 25, 2017.

MT - September 25, 2017

Here is the Current Aboki FX online AbokiFx Rate for Black Market , Bank Rates and more on Dollar to Naira. NGN USD BUY / SELL GBP BUY / SELL EUR BUY / SELL 25/09/2017 363…

Celebrity Birthday: Ex-BBNaija’s Kemen Ekemini Ekerette Celebrates His 28th Birthday With Cute Photos
Entertainment
21 views
Entertainment
21 views

Celebrity Birthday: Ex-BBNaija’s Kemen Ekemini Ekerette Celebrates His 28th Birthday With Cute Photos

MT - September 25, 2017

BBN ex-housemate, Kemen took to his Instagram handle to shares photos to make his new age today.

Photos: Former BBNaija Housemate Kemen Is A Year Older
Entertainment
18 views
Entertainment
18 views

Photos: Former BBNaija Housemate Kemen Is A Year Older

Mabel - September 25, 2017

Former Big Brother Naija housemate, Ekemini Ekerette popularly known as Kemen is celebrating his birthday today. The fitness trainer who was involved in a messy sexual assault controversy with…

This Is What Actually Happened On Olu Jacobs And Joke Silva’s Wedding Day.
Entertainment
19 views
Entertainment
19 views

This Is What Actually Happened On Olu Jacobs And Joke Silva’s Wedding Day.

MT - September 25, 2017

  Veteran actor Olu Jacobs in a recent interview has revealed some details about his wedding day. According to Uncle Olu, as he is fondly called, he…

VIDEO: Watch Tonto Dikeh React To Rumours That Her Swollen Eye Is A Spiritual Attack
Entertainment
25 views
Entertainment
25 views

VIDEO: Watch Tonto Dikeh React To Rumours That Her Swollen Eye Is A Spiritual Attack

MT - September 25, 2017

Nigerian actress and mother of one, Tonto Dikeh has come out to refute the news currently circulating by bloggers about her, being spiritually attacked in the eye.…

How I Left My Property During Biafra Civil War To Save My Life – 81-Year-old Businessman Speaks Up
Art, History and Culture
23 views
Art, History and Culture
23 views

How I Left My Property During Biafra Civil War To Save My Life – 81-Year-old Businessman Speaks Up

MT - September 25, 2017

An elderly retired businessman has opened up on how he had to flee for his dear life, abandoning his property during the Biafran war. Ikeme Alphonsus A…

Here Is Davido’s Reaction To The Lying Female Fan: “She Lied, I’m Not Even Replying DMs Anymore”
Entertainment
23 views
Entertainment
23 views

Here Is Davido’s Reaction To The Lying Female Fan: “She Lied, I’m Not Even Replying DMs Anymore”

MT - September 25, 2017

  Popular singer, Davido has made a public announcement that he won’t be replying to DMs anymore, after a lady named Sheila lied against him. The singer…

How I Survived The Controversial Lawsuit Slammed Against Me – Omoni Oboli.
Entertainment
22 views
Entertainment
22 views

How I Survived The Controversial Lawsuit Slammed Against Me – Omoni Oboli.

MT - September 25, 2017

Popular Nigerian actress, Omoni Oboli has opened up on how she managed to survive the lawsuit slammed on her after producing one of her movies. Omoni Oboli…

The Secret Behind My Happiness And Youthful Looks – Kate Henshaw Makes Interesting Revelation
Entertainment
30 views
Entertainment
30 views

The Secret Behind My Happiness And Youthful Looks – Kate Henshaw Makes Interesting Revelation

MT - September 25, 2017

Reigning Nigerian actress, Kate Henshaw, has disclosed the secrets of his good looks and youthful appearance. Kate Henshaw Even though Nigerian actress, Kate Henshaw is closer to…

In Photos: Ooni of Ife, Ogunwusi Laughs So Hard As He Attends Wedding Ceremony In Abuja
Art, History and Culture
26 views
Art, History and Culture
26 views

In Photos: Ooni of Ife, Ogunwusi Laughs So Hard As He Attends Wedding Ceremony In Abuja

MT - September 25, 2017

The paramount traditional ruler in Osun State, South-western part of Nigeria – Ooni of Ife appears to have put his marriage crisis behind him.   Ooni of…

Ooni of Ife Ex-wife, Queen Zaynab, Awarded ‘Humanitarian of the Year” Award At The UN
Best of Nigeria
38 views
Best of Nigeria
38 views

Ooni of Ife Ex-wife, Queen Zaynab, Awarded ‘Humanitarian of the Year” Award At The UN

PH - September 25, 2017

Philanthropist and former Olori of Ife Zaynab-Otiti Obanor received the Humanitarian of the Year award from “Kechie’s Project” at an event during the UN General Assembly week. She shared the…

Checkout Stunning Photos Of Veteran Nollywood Actress, Toyin Afolayan On Her 58th Birthday
Entertainment
36 views
Entertainment
36 views

Checkout Stunning Photos Of Veteran Nollywood Actress, Toyin Afolayan On Her 58th Birthday

Mabel - September 25, 2017

Toyin Afolayan born 24th September 1959 popularly known as Lola Idije is a Nigerian film actress and aunt to Nigerian film actor Kunle Afolayan. She shot into limelight…

Jenifa Diary Star, Lota Chukwu Stuns In New Pictures
Fashion
41 views
Fashion
41 views

Jenifa Diary Star, Lota Chukwu Stuns In New Pictures

Mabel - September 25, 2017

Jenifa Diary star, Lota Chukwu aka Kiki look stunning in these new pictures she shared on social media. The pretty mother of 3 undeniably dazzled in these new…

Oluwaseun Osowobi Ayodeji Wins The Future of Women Award
Best of Nigeria
35 views
Best of Nigeria
35 views

Oluwaseun Osowobi Ayodeji Wins The Future of Women Award

PH - September 25, 2017

Oluwaseun Osowobi Ayodeji, the founder of Stand to End Rape, an NGO advocating against sexual violence and providing support for survivors, have been awarded The Future of…

The Awfully Sad Experiences Of 2 Nigerian Girls In A Libyan Detention Center
Shocking
46 views
Shocking
46 views

The Awfully Sad Experiences Of 2 Nigerian Girls In A Libyan Detention Center

PH - September 25, 2017

Some are running away from troubles at home. some are running to look for greener pastures, some were lured with a promise of better lives, but many…

Loading...