1288 Views

What Nigerian’s Need To Know About Kidney Stones

The pain of kidney stones or renal colic is so excruciating many describe it as the worst they have ever experienced, probably worse than labour pain or pain due to fractures, burns or gunshots. Unfortunately, according to current statistics, one in every twenty people will eventually develop kidney stones at some point in their lives.

Kidney stones, otherwise known as nephrolithiasis refers to specks of minerals of varying sizes and shapes within the renal pelvis. In most cases, the stones may also involve other parts of the urinary system including the ureters which link both kidneys to the bladder and urethra. Broadly, the presence of stones within the urinary tract is termed urolithiasis. Furthermore, kidney stone formation involves a gradual process in which a tiny speck of mineral precipitates or crystallizes out of urine and subsequently, more particles adhere to it ultimately resulting in a significant mass that can lodge anywhere along the urinary tract and obstruct the normal smooth flow of urine.

Depending on the mineral content of the stone, four main types of kidney stones have been described namely calcium oxalate/phosphate, magnesium aluminium phosphate (struvite), cystine and uric acid stones. Arguably, calcium stones account for about 75% of stones while the other minerals account for the rest. Highlighted below are some invaluable facts you need to know about kidney stones:

1. Kidney stones are more prevalent among males than females
Epidemiologic studies have revealed that men are three times more likely to develop urinary stones than women. However, infection (struvite) stones related to urinary tract infections tend to be prevalent among women. In the same vein, stones (especially those involving the kidneys) are more frequently seen among whites than blacks. This trend is possibly diet-related. Furthermore, majority of kidney stones are diagnosed among individuals within the age range of 20 – 50yrs.

2. Dehydration is the most important risk factor for stone formation
Low fluid intake arguably predisposes the majority of people to kidney stones. How? Dehydration leads to a reduced volume of urine which is concentrated. Subsequently, stone-forming constituents like calcium salts and uric acid become concentrated and are more likely to precipitate and form stones. This explains why kidney stones are more frequent during dry seasons or in individuals who exercise without drinking enough water. From the foregoing, you can definitely cut down your risk of kidney stones by drinking more water. Experts recommend an average of 6 – 8 glasses of water a day.

ALSO READ  Top 10 Struggles Only Nigerian Who Attended ‘Summer’ Lesson Will Understand!

3. Kidney stones may recur
It’s been shown that individuals who have previously received treatment for kidney stones are more likely to suffer a repeat episode than others. Similarly, a family history of kidney stones has been associated with a double-fold risk. Some other risk factors for stone formation that deserve mention include urinary tract infections (struvite stones), gout (uric acid stones) and pregnancy (probably due to stasis of urine in the bladder as well as some physiological changes in the urine of pregnant women).

4. Kidney stones may show no symptoms
In the initial stage, kidney stones may be asymptomatic and about 80-85% may even pass out of the urine on their own without any intervention. However, dehydration favours increase in size which may eventually cause obstruction somewhere along the urinary tract leading to the typical excruciating pain that often starts from the flanks and radiates to the groin or scrotum. Unlike other colics, it is usually constant over hours and some patients describe it as the worst pain they ever felt. Other accompanying symptoms may include nausea or vomiting, bloody urine (due to the irritation of the mucosa of the urinary tract), frequency, urgency, dysuria (painful urination) and strangury.

5. Kidney stones are preventable
It’s gratifying to note that kidney stones can be prevented. Apart from liberal fluid intake, some other dietary measures which can be taken include cutting down on your intake of animal protein, high-salt diets, excess sugar, vitamin D supplements and spinach, all of which may increase your risk for kidney stones. Similarly, you are to ensure prompt treatment of urinary tract infections which favour the formation of struvite (infection) stones.

6. Certain drugs may increase your risk for stones
A number of common drugs have been linked to urinary calculi or stones. For instance, indinavir which is a protease inhibitor employed in the treatment of HIV/AIDS. Also, the popular antacid, mist magnesium trisilicate (mist mag) can predispose to stone formation. Other such drugs include sulphur-containing medications like cotrimoxazole (septrin) and sulfasalazine as well as triamterene, a potassium-sparing diuretic. The major lesson here is to avoid indiscriminate use of these drugs unless duly prescribed by your physician.

Source: nigerianbulletin.com

Get the best viral stories straight into your inbox!

Don't worry, we don't spam

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

Latest Posts

European Investment Bank Partners With AfDB To Support Private Sector Investment In Nigeria
Business
86 views
Business
86 views

European Investment Bank Partners With AfDB To Support Private Sector Investment In Nigeria

PH - April 22, 2018

The European Investment Bank and the African Development Bank have agreed to support the creation of the new Development Bank of Nigeria to strengthen lending for business…

Telecoms VAS Market Hits $200m In Nigeria
Business
70 views
Business
70 views

Telecoms VAS Market Hits $200m In Nigeria

PH - April 22, 2018

The Value Added Services (VAS), segment of the telecom market in Nigeria has recorded the sum of $200 million revenue as at first quarter this year, Prof.…

#BBNaija: Why Cee-C Is Bbetter Than President Buhari – Reno Omokri
Entertainment
105 views
Entertainment
105 views

#BBNaija: Why Cee-C Is Bbetter Than President Buhari – Reno Omokri

PH - April 21, 2018

Former aide to Ex-President, Goodluck Jonathan, Reno Omokri,in his latest shade on President Buhari has mentioned that a housemate on the Big Brother Naija 2018 reality TV…

Why I Didn’t Do Well At Chelsea – Liverpool Star, Mohamed Salah
Sports
142 views
Sports
142 views

Why I Didn’t Do Well At Chelsea – Liverpool Star, Mohamed Salah

MT - April 20, 2018

While speaking in an exclusive interview ahead of Liverpool’s clash at West Brom on Saturday, on Sky Sports Premier League, Mohammed Salah admitted that he is focusing on…

“Why Soldiers Burnt Houses In Benue State” – Army Spokesperson
Shocking
147 views
Shocking
147 views

“Why Soldiers Burnt Houses In Benue State” – Army Spokesperson

MT - April 20, 2018

The Nigerian army has taken responsibility for the attack, which resulted in burning down of houses in a Benue community on Thursday. The Army said the attack…

Meet Vivian Chiologi, John Shittu’s Wife Who Got Married At 50, Gave Birth At 51
Best of Nigeria
170 views
Best of Nigeria
170 views

Meet Vivian Chiologi, John Shittu’s Wife Who Got Married At 50, Gave Birth At 51

MT - April 20, 2018

My darling Viv, today I celebrate you and I thank God for your life and strength. What a testimony your life has become. You met and fell…

Lazy Youths: Why Buhari Should Apologize And Be Forgiven – Shehu Sani
Politics
130 views
Politics
130 views

Lazy Youths: Why Buhari Should Apologize And Be Forgiven – Shehu Sani

MT - April 20, 2018

SHEHU Sani, Senator representing Kaduna Central, has urged President Muhammadu Buhari to apologize over his remarks about Nigerian Youths. While answering a question at the Commonwealth Business…

19-Year-Old Udeh Precious Wins 2018 Sisi Oge Cultural Pageant (Photos)
Best of Nigeria
135 views
Best of Nigeria
135 views

19-Year-Old Udeh Precious Wins 2018 Sisi Oge Cultural Pageant (Photos)

MT - April 20, 2018

19 year old Miss Udeh Precious has emerge winner of the 2018 Sisi Oge Cultural Pageant. The actress and model beat 19 other contestants in the competition…

Nigeria Uninterruptible Power Supply To Reach 4.7% In 2024
Business
120 views
Business
120 views

Nigeria Uninterruptible Power Supply To Reach 4.7% In 2024

PH - April 20, 2018

Nigeria Vision 20:2020 is set to be a major development plan for the country to accelerate growth of commercial and industrial sectors over the coming years. Further,…

Nigeria’s Brent Crude Hits $73.79 per Barrel
Business
129 views
Business
129 views

Nigeria’s Brent Crude Hits $73.79 per Barrel

PH - April 20, 2018

An improvement in Nigeria’s oil earnings is on course as prices held firm on Friday near three-year highs reached earlier this week as ongoing Organisation of Petroleum…

Debbie Rise’s Sister Tee-Rise Releases Gospel single “First Loved Me”
Entertainment
132 views
Entertainment
132 views

Debbie Rise’s Sister Tee-Rise Releases Gospel single “First Loved Me”

PH - April 20, 2018

Temilolu Olurishe also known as Tee-Rise is a young lady with a desire to express her worship to God in her songs while she helps others enjoy…

WATCH: Chimamanda Adichie Talks #MeToo, Feminism and Gay Rights on CNN
Best of Nigeria
128 views
Best of Nigeria
128 views

WATCH: Chimamanda Adichie Talks #MeToo, Feminism and Gay Rights on CNN

PH - April 20, 2018

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie was on CNN to discuss the #MeToo movement, feminism, and rights of LGBT people with Christiane Amanpour. The writer who revealed earlier this week…

19-Year-Old Udeh Precious emerges Winner of the 2018 Sisi Oge Cultural Pageant
Art, History and Culture
120 views
Art, History and Culture
120 views

19-Year-Old Udeh Precious emerges Winner of the 2018 Sisi Oge Cultural Pageant

PH - April 20, 2018

The 19-year-old model, actress and show host, Udeh Precious, beat stiff competition from 19 other contestants to emerge winner of the 2018 Sisi Oge Cultural Pageant. Precious,…

BBNaija: Tobi Bakre Is Not A Lazy Nigerian Youth; Check Out His 5 Professions..
Best of Nigeria
123 views
Best of Nigeria
123 views

BBNaija: Tobi Bakre Is Not A Lazy Nigerian Youth; Check Out His 5 Professions..

MT - April 20, 2018

Shared Via IG With Caption .. Nigerians are one of the most resourceful and hardworking people in the world. From generation to generation, this has remained true.…

Veteran Actress, Ireti Doyle Shares How She Almost Lost A Job “For Being The Wrong Skin Colour”
Entertainment
117 views
Entertainment
117 views

Veteran Actress, Ireti Doyle Shares How She Almost Lost A Job “For Being The Wrong Skin Colour”

PH - April 20, 2018

Veteran actress Ireti Doyle, in a post on her Instagram page, is speaking about colorism. In her post, she details how she almost lost a major gig…

1771 Cases of Domestic Violence, 138 Against Men, Recorded in 10 Months in Lagos
Shocking
97 views
Shocking
97 views

1771 Cases of Domestic Violence, 138 Against Men, Recorded in 10 Months in Lagos

PH - April 20, 2018

The Lagos State Domestic Violence & Sexual Violence Response Team (DVSRT) recorded 138 cases against men between May 2017 and March 2018. This was revealed by the…

5 Women-Owned Tech Spaces that VP Osinbajo Could Have Visited During #VPTourOfTech – Mary Olushoga
Business
106 views
Business
106 views

5 Women-Owned Tech Spaces that VP Osinbajo Could Have Visited During #VPTourOfTech – Mary Olushoga

PH - April 20, 2018

Why are women innovators largely ignored in Nigeria’s male-dominated technology spaces? Why didn’t Vice President Osinbajo visit any women-owned spaces during the highly popular and attention-grabbing #VPTourofTech?…

#ReadyToBeatMalaria: Chimamanda Adichie Joins Bill Gates, Prince Charles at Malaria Summit in London
Food and Health
106 views
Food and Health
106 views

#ReadyToBeatMalaria: Chimamanda Adichie Joins Bill Gates, Prince Charles at Malaria Summit in London

PH - April 20, 2018

Nigerian writer Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie gave a speech at the Malaria Summit on Wednesday, 18th of April,in London, England. The Malaria Summit was held to urge Commonwealth…

Loading...