753 Views

6 Things You Can Do To Prevent Avoidable Blindness

According to a report on Vanguard Newspaper, the President of Nigerian Optometric Association NOA Dr. Damian Echendu, has said that no fewer than forty- five million persons will go blind by 2020 globally.

Already, it is estimated that about 285 million people are visually impaired worldwide, 14% of whom are completely blind representing an astonishing 39 million people. Furthermore, it is even more disheartening that not less than 80% of these cases of blindness are preventable or treatable if appropriate measures are taken towards addressing the more common causes of blindness like cataracts, refractive errors, glaucoma, and diabetes.

According to the International Classification of Diseases – 10 (ICD-10), four levels of visual function have been described viz normal vision, moderate visual impairment, severe visual impairment and lastly blindness. Hence, blindness represents the worst case scenario in the spectrum of visual function. Moderate and severe visual impairment are collectively referred to as Low Vision whereas blindness essentially refers to a complete loss of vision.

In the light of the enormous burden of visual impairment especially in the developing countries, the World Health Assembly under the aegis of the World Health Organization instituted an action plan to facilitate universal access to eye health. The aim was to achieve at least 25% reduction in the number of cases of preventable visual impairment by 2019.
Described below are some time-tested measures that have been shown to be effective in preventing avoidable causes of blindness:

1. Keep your blood sugar normal
Diabetes mellitus is characterized by high blood glucose levels and is one of the very important causes of permanent blindness. While you may not have total control over whether you develop diabetes or not, the fact remains that you still have some control by adopting healthy lifestyles like regular exercise and good diet which will go a long way in keeping your blood sugar within normal limits. Diabetes mellitus can cause serious damage to the retina (diabetic retinopathy) leading to blindness. Hence, patients with diabetes are supposed to undergo a thorough eye examination by a trained physician at least once a year. Moreover, diabetes is a potent risk factor for cataracts which is a leading cause of blindness.

2. Quit Smoking
Smoking damages every organ in the body and the eyes are no exception. Research has shown that smoking increases the likelihood of going blind in old age by up to four times. Evidently, it damages different parts of the eye including the lens (cataracts), macula (macular degeneration) and retinal blood vessels (retinopathy). Furthermore, research has shown that smokers have a double risk of developing cataracts as well as a three-fold risk of Age-related Macular Degeneration later in life. Tears produced by the lacrimal glands are necessary for eye lubrication and maintaining healthy eyes. However, tobacco irritates the eyes and impairs the production of tears ultimately setting the stage for visual impairment and eventual blindness.

ALSO READ  #BBNaija: You Need To See Banky W's Response To Evicted Gifty’s Apology!!

3. Avoid Trauma to your Eyes
Trauma – blunt or penetrating is the leading cause of unilateral blindness in individuals younger than 45 years. Penetrating trauma directly undermines the lens capsule leading to opacification at the site of injury and blindness if the rent or tear is extensive. In the same vein, prolonged exposure to ionizing radiation also traumatizes the eye lens and leads to avoidable blindness.

4. Consume more Vitamins and Minerals
Age-related Macular Degeneration is another important cause of blindness. A reduced incidence of Age-related Macular Degeneration was noted among individuals who consumed enough antioxidant vitamins and minerals including Vitamins A, C, E, zinc, and copper. Also, lutein (a carotenoid found in dark leafy green vegetables), omega-3 fatty acids and zeaxanthin may also reduce the risk of Age-related Macular Degeneration. Sadly, every year, at least half a million children go blind, no thanks to deficiency of Vitamin A in their diets which lead to avoidable night blindness.

5. Wear the Proper Glasses
Refractive errors (myopia, hypermetropia, and astigmatism) are a leading cause of blindness globally. The good news is they can be readily corrected by a simple pair of prescription glasses. It’s noteworthy however that making use of the wrong type of glasses can even worsen your vision, hence the need to consult the optometrist for proper evaluation of both eyes before suitable glasses are prescribed.

6. Treat Eye Infections Promptly
Trachoma and Onchocerciasis are the leading infectious causes of avoidable blindness and can be readily treated with appropriate drugs. In a bid to cut down on the incidence and prevalence of trachoma-related blindness, the World Health Organization advocates the SAFE strategy for trachoma control. Components of the strategy include Surgery, Antibiotics, Facial cleanliness and Environmental improvement. Fortunately, medications like azithromycin and ivermectin have proved effective in treating trachoma and onchocerciasis (river blindness) respectively.

Source: nigerianbulletin

Get the best viral stories straight into your inbox!

Don't worry, we don't spam

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Latest Posts

3  Ways To Make Your Partner Feel Special
Romance and Love
15 views
Romance and Love
15 views

3 Ways To Make Your Partner Feel Special

PH - June 19, 2018

Every one wants to be special to someone, if not to everyone, so it cost almost nothing to make your partner feel special. So when next you…

Kayode Shows His Love For The Ukrainian Club With  A New Hair Style
Sports
17 views
Sports
17 views

Kayode Shows His Love For The Ukrainian Club With A New Hair Style

PH - June 19, 2018

Kayode Olanrewaju, Nigera forward has declared that the main reason for his new look is his love for Ukrainian club, Shakhtar Donestsk. Kayode, 25, recently penned a…

See The Top 10 Most Used cars In Nigeria
Best of Nigeria
22 views
Best of Nigeria
22 views

See The Top 10 Most Used cars In Nigeria

PH - June 19, 2018

You possibly might have been guessing which car is the most used car here in Nigeria. This list on the most used cars in Nigeria will prove…

“Why I Choose Not To Help Anybody” – Nigeria Rapper, Olamide
Entertainment
32 views
Entertainment
32 views

“Why I Choose Not To Help Anybody” – Nigeria Rapper, Olamide

MT - June 19, 2018

Nigerian artiste, Olamide Adedeji has got people talking on social media with a post he made on Instagram. Olamide shared a photo with a questionable caption, “Oyinbo…

Meet the Rapper Who Lives With All His Three Babymamas and Kids in the Same House (Photos)
Entertainment
45 views
Entertainment
45 views

Meet the Rapper Who Lives With All His Three Babymamas and Kids in the Same House (Photos)

MT - June 19, 2018

Ahunna Stacks is an American rapper from Chicago who is making serious headlines around the world because of a really bold move he made. The American musician,…

2018 World Cup; Why John Mikel Obi Is Under Pressure To Fulfill Promise To Buhari
Sports
35 views
Sports
35 views

2018 World Cup; Why John Mikel Obi Is Under Pressure To Fulfill Promise To Buhari

MT - June 19, 2018

Super Eagles’ captain Mikel Obi has been put under intense pressure to lead the team to a resounding victory against Iceland on Friday, as well as fulfill…

Sallah: How Boko Haram Terrorists Observed Eid Prayer In Sambisa Forest. [Video]
Shocking
41 views
Shocking
41 views

Sallah: How Boko Haram Terrorists Observed Eid Prayer In Sambisa Forest. [Video]

MT - June 19, 2018

A compilation video of how Boko Haram terrorists observed Eid-el-Fitr in various locations of Sambisa forest has surfaced on the internet. A journalist with access to the…

What Will It Take To Make Nigeria Better
Business
35 views
Business
35 views

What Will It Take To Make Nigeria Better

PH - June 19, 2018

Nigerians need to agree that something has to be done before there can be any improvement in the system of the country, there has been various assumptions…

Meet Nigeria’s King Of Music, King Sunny Ade
Best of Nigeria
56 views
Best of Nigeria
56 views

Meet Nigeria’s King Of Music, King Sunny Ade

PH - June 19, 2018

Sunday Adeniyi Adegeye, popularly known as King Sunny Ade was born September 1, 1946. He is a Nigerian born popular musician in the development and popularization of…

Food and Health
40 views

Breaking Bad Habits And Replacing Them With Good Ones

PH - June 19, 2018

Bad habits are mostly cultivated when people feel stressed or bored. Once it is cultivated, it becomes very hard to give up on it. Different things can…

See 8 Things You Should Never Say Via A Text
Lifestyle
52 views
Lifestyle
52 views

See 8 Things You Should Never Say Via A Text

PH - June 19, 2018

People say some things are better left unsaid, but I would say," some things are better said in person than on text". When texting another person, your…

5 Strange Animals Nigerians Eat As Meat
Animals
49 views
Animals
49 views

5 Strange Animals Nigerians Eat As Meat

PH - June 19, 2018

If you have never been to a place before, you can never have the full understanding of their way of live. So the adage says, " one…

How UK Helps Nigeria Seize Looted Assets
Politics
37 views
Politics
37 views

How UK Helps Nigeria Seize Looted Assets

PH - June 19, 2018

The Federal Government has given an insight into how it gets the assistance of the United Kingdom to seize properties and other assets linked to funds allegedly…

5 Things You Should Not Do On An Airplane
Holiday and Travels
49 views
Holiday and Travels
49 views

5 Things You Should Not Do On An Airplane

PH - June 19, 2018

If you have been travelling a lot or this is your first time travelling by air, there are some common mistakes that many passengers make. Many of…

See The 5 Most Beautiful Churches In Nigeria
Best of Nigeria
73 views
Best of Nigeria
73 views

See The 5 Most Beautiful Churches In Nigeria

PH - June 18, 2018

Nigeria is a home to so many beautiful constructions, some of which are churches in different part on the country.Nigeria has many religions, but the two main…

US-based Woman, Nike Roberts, Declares For Presidency Under PDP
Nigerian Women
69 views
Nigerian Women
69 views

US-based Woman, Nike Roberts, Declares For Presidency Under PDP

PH - June 18, 2018

A U.S.-based woman, Princess Oyenike Oyedele Roberts, has declared for the presidency of Nigeria on the platform of the opposition Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) for the 2019…

These Are 5 Things You Should Never Do In The Morning
How Tos
61 views
How Tos
61 views

These Are 5 Things You Should Never Do In The Morning

PH - June 18, 2018

Time is a very important factor,so if you ever think you didn't complete your task for a day, that's because you probably did what you were not…

10 Ways To Boost Your  Self-Confidence
How Tos
58 views
How Tos
58 views

10 Ways To Boost Your Self-Confidence

PH - June 18, 2018

Low self-esteem is like driving through life with your hand brake on.” -- Maxwell Maltz, so said a wise man. Self confidence can help to achieve even…

Loading...