A Step-by-Step Guide to Preparing Ewa Agoyin

Ewa agoyin is a Yoruba cuisine that is popular throughout Yorubaland, including Nigeria, Benin, and Togo. It’s also popular as street food served with a spicy pepper sauce. The meal comprises of beans that have been cooked until exceedingly soft and then mashed. Other ingredients, including bell peppers, onion, ginger, dried chiles, and palm oil, are added to create a stew.

Here’s a basic recipe to prepare it:


2 cups of brown or black-eyed beans
Salt to taste

For the sauce:

5-6 large red bell peppers
2-3 Scotch bonnet peppers (adjust according to your spice preference)
2 medium onions, chopped
4-5 cloves of garlic
1/4 cup of palm oil
1 teaspoon of ground crayfish
3 seasoning cubes
Salt to taste


Rinse the beans completely and soak them in water for at least 4 hours, preferably overnight. This helps to soften the beans and shortens cooking time.

After soaking, rinse the beans and place them in a pot. Bring the water to a boil, then add the beans. Reduce the heat and simmer until the beans are very mushy and easily mashed, adding water as needed.

Once the beans are done, remove from the heat and mash with a potato masher or the back of a spoon until smooth. Add salt to taste and leave away.

To make the sauce, mix the red bell peppers, Scotch bonnet peppers, onions, and garlic until smooth.

In a saucepan, warm the palm oil over medium heat. Add the blended pepper combination and cook, stirring regularly, until the sauce thickens and the oil separates from the peppers, about 15-20 minutes.

Add the seasoning cubes, ground crayfish, and salt to taste, and simmer for another 5 minutes.

Serve the mashed beans (Ewa Agoyin) with a hot pepper sauce on top. It is typically served with fried plantains, boiling yams, and bread.

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