These 100 facts about Nigeria are collated to teach us more about this beautiful land in Africa,Nigeria. Well known as the giant of Africa. It will contain some you know but many more you will discover.
Highlights of Nigeria’s facts
Population: 175 million (2014 estimate)
Density: 188.9 persons/ square kilometer
Growth rate: 2.
Capital: Abuja (since December 12, 1991)
Official language: English
Major languages: Hausa, Yoruba, and Igbo
Largest state: Niger
Smallest state: Lagos state
Largest city: Lagos city
Most populous state: Lagos
Currency: Naira (1 Naira = 100 kobo)
Government: Federal presidential republic
Longest river: Niger – 4180km (1175 km within Nigeria)
Independence: October 1, 1960
Political divisions: 6 geo-political zones and 36 states
100 Interesting Brief Facts about Nigeria
Nigeria is officially called the Federal Republic of Nigeria
Nigeria is the most populous black nation in the world with over 170 million people
The country is also the 7th most populous nation in the world.
There are 521 languages in the world
The first foreigners to explore the area that will be called Nigeria were the Portuguese in 1472.
The richest man in Africa is a Nigeria. His name is Aliko Dangote, the founder of the Dangote Group.
The richest black woman in the world is a Nigerian – Folorunso Alakija
The Yoruba tribe of Nigeria has the highest rate of twinning in the world
Nigeria was colonized by the British
Nigeria was formed when Frederick Lugard become of the Governor of the region.
The Nigerian Currency – Naira was introduced in 1959
The Cocoa House in Ibadan was once the tallest building in Africa. It was built in 1965
The Northern Part of Nigeria is four times the size of the south with a land mass of 719000 sq. km
In terms of size, Nigeria is the 10th largest in SubSaharan Africa
70% of the Nigerian population are involved in Agriculture
The urban population is 18.1% of the total population
Nigeria has more muslims than the Saudi Arabia
The largest annual Christian gathering in Africa is hosted by the Redeemed Christian Church of God and it is called the Holy Ghost Convention.
Nigerian immigrants in the U.S are one of the most educated
In 1984, you didn’t need a visa to travel to the United Kingdom as a Nigerian
At some point in the country’s history, the North was the most literate part of Nigeria with over 25 000 Quranic Schools and over 250 000 pupils
The largest river in West Africa is the River Niger with a span of 4180km.
The Niger Delta is the second largest delta in the world
The state of Taraba speaks more languages than at least 30 countries in the world
Nigeria is a member of the British Commonwealth and the African Union
The National Youth Service Corps began in 1973
The Nigerian National Flag was designed in 1959 by Taiwo Akinkunmi
Based on archaelogical discoveries, the Nok Civilization which is around 500 to 2000BC is the earliest known civilization in Nigeria.
The Nigerian Movie Industry also known as Nollywood is the second largest producer of movies in the world after Bollywood.
About 200 Nollywood Movies are produced every single week
The Igbos found in the South Eastern part are the most industrious of the tribes in the country
The Igbos make up 18% of the ethnic groups in Nigeria
The Hausa-Fulanis make up 29% while the Yoruba make up to 21%
Cross River State in Nigeria has the largest diversity of butterflies in the world
The state with the highest number of universities in Nigeria is Ogun State with a total of 9 registered universities.
There are 152 accredited universities in Nigeria
The Third Mainland Bridge was the longest bridge in Nigeria until 1996 when the October 6 Bridge was built in Cairo
Nigeria has over 500 ethnic groups.
The most prominent ethnic groups are the Yoruba, Igbo and Hausa
Nigeria attained independence on the 1st of October in 1960
Nigeria became a republic on the 1st of October 1963
In 1976, 75 kobo exchanged to one British pound and 60 kobo to one US dollar.
The first building in Nigeria was built in Badagry in 1845
The total number of languages in Nigeria comprises 7% of the total languages in the world.
The walls of Benin are the longest ancient works in the world enclosing 500 communities at a distance of 6500 sq.km
The oldest known boat in Nigeria called the Dufuna boat was discovered in 1987
The indigobird is unique to only the Jos Plateau. It is found no where else in the world,
The anambra waxbill bird is found only in Southern Nigeria and nowhere else in the world.
Ile Ife in Osun State was paved as early as 1000AD
There are over 4715 different plant species in Nigeria
Nigeria has the 10th largest crude oil reserve in the world
The first and only Nigerian Nobel Laureate is Professor Wole Soyinka
Agbani Darego, a Nigerian University undergraduate was the first African to win the Miss World Beauty Pageant
Nigeria was the first African country to win the Gold medal in the Olympics Football Event.
Nigeria took its first loan from the World Bank in 1977
Nigeria is currently the biggest economy in Africa
The name Nigeria is derived from West Africa’s longest river – River Niger
Nigeria is said to have the highest paid legislators in the world
Nigerians are football lovers and the Nigerian Football team is called the Super Eagles
In 1851, Kano made 10 million sandal pairs and 5 million hides for export every year
The 13000 year old Iwo-Eleru cave skull is the oldest human fossil archive in West Africa and has been said to have over 140 000 year old features.
The Nigerian Government was converted from his parliamentary system to a presidential system of government by the Obasanjo civilian regime.
With the current presidential system, Nigeria has had 7 years of Northern rule and 11 years of Southern rule.
President Gowon split Nigeria into 12 states in 1967.
Nigeria has one of the highest number of coups in Africa with 6 coups
The civil war in Nigeria broke out between July 1967 to January 1970
The war was preceded by a coup in 1966
The oldest water works in Africa is found in Nigeria
Nigeria is the fifth fastest growing internet population in Nigeria
The first black African to win gold at the Commonwealth games was Emmanuel Ifeajuna
Nigeria has over 1 million applicants to University every year.
Nigeria is home to the single largest monument in Africa (Sungbo’s Eredo), which is also the largest city of the medieval world.
The Southern and Northern Nigerian Protectorates was amalgamated in1914
Nigeria is referred to as the Giant of Africa due to their population and economy
Nigeria is located in the Western part of Africa with a total area of 923,768 km2
As a result, Nigeria is the 32nd largest country in the world
The main rivers in Nigeria are the river Niger and river Benue
The 2 major rivers meet at Lokoja and they empty into the Nigeri Delta
The highest point in Nigeria is Chappal Waddi at 7936 ft
There are 36 states in Nigeria with one Federal Capital Territory
There are eight cities with a population of over 1 million people
Lagos is the largest city in Nigeria and Africa
Lagos state has a population of over 15 million people
Nigeria is the 12th largest producer of crude oil in the world
The country is the 8th largest exporter of crude oil in the world
Petroleum provides 80% of government earning
One in four Africans is a Nigeria
The official language of Nigeria is English due to the colonization by the British.
Nigeria is infamous for advanced fee fraud (419) which is a form of bank fraud.
The current capital of Nigeria is Abuja
The capital became the Federal Capital Territory in December 12, 1991
The current president of Nigeria is Muhammad Buhari
Lagos is the most industrialized state in the country
Nigeria shares border with four other African countries: Chad, Niger, Benin, Cameroon
The major system of transportation in the country is the road transportation system,
The Pidgin English is the popular Lingua Franca in the country
The life expectancy in Nigeria is about 52.62 years
Nigeria was the first African country to eradicate the Ebola threat in 2015
68% of the Nigerian populace are literate
Transparency International ranks Nigeria has the 136th least corrupt out of 176 countries on its list.