Endangered animals are species that are seriously at risk of extinction. They are categorized as likely to become extinct. Endangered (EN), as categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.
Nigeria contains portions of the Savannas, Gulf of Guinea Rivers, Coastal Forests, Coast Mangroves and others that house a lot of animals. The following are some animals in that are rated as Endangered (EN) or Vulnerable (VU) as contains in the 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals.
Endangered Nigerian Species
The Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzee is a subspecies of the common chimpanzee which inhabits the rainforests along the border of Nigeria and Cameroon.
Scientists say the Nigeria-Cameroon subspecies is amongst the most endangered of the chimpanzees, humanity’s closest living relative, which lives only in Africa.
- Crested Genet
This is a genet species endemic to Nigeria and Cameroon. As the population has declined due to loss of habitat, it is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. Wikipedia
Crested Genet is listed as Vulnerable based on a total population containing ca. 7,000 mature individuals (roughly estimated based on a range area of ca 100,000 km², an average population density highly unlikely to exceed one individual/10 km², and a proportion of mature individuals of 67%) and the likelihood that the species underwent a population decline of at least 10% over the last 12 years (assuming a generation length of four years) because of habitat loss coupled with the impacts of hunting in its range.
- Dama Gazelle
These animals roamfrom one placeto another to find enough vegetation and water to survive. They migrate seasonally, forming larger groups of several hundred, in which they move north into the Sahara desert at the start of the rainy season and back south into the Sahel for the dry season. They feed on acacia, bush leaves and grasses, and may stand on their hind legs to reach higher foliage. Dama gazelles are preyed upon by cheetahs, Cape hunting dogs, lions, leopards, hyenas and others.
- Giant African Water Shrew
This is a semiaquatic, carnivorous tenrec. It is found in the main rainforest block of central Africa from Nigeria to Zambia.
- Cross River Gorilla
This is the most western and northern form of gorilla, and is restricted to the forested hills and mountains of the Cameroon-Nigeria border region at the headwaters of the Cross River. It is threatened by human hunting pressure and competition over habitat.
This subspecies of the western gorilla is very similar in appearance to the more numerous western lowland gorilla, but subtle differences can be found in the skull and tooth dimensions. These animals are going extinct because of poaching and it has a detrimental effect on the population of the animal.
It is estimated that only 100 Cross River gorillas survive in Nigeria today, with an additional 200 in the adjacent forest of Cameroon. The reason is widespread hunting for the bush meat trade.
- Hartwig’s Soft-furred Mouse
This is a specie of rodent from the Muridae family. It is found only in Nigeria and Cameroon. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests and is threatened by habitat loss.