Undergrid Minigrids Can Generate $billion In Yearly Revenue – Study

A new study by Rocky Mountain Institute (RMI) and Energy Market and Regulatory Consultants (EMRC) uncovers the business case for undergrid minigrids—an approach that could benefit hundreds of millions who are currently underserved.

Throughout sub-Saharan Africa, hundreds of millions of people live “under the grid.” Such communities are within distribution company territory, but receive unreliable, inconsistent, and/or low-quality power that does not meet their needs—or they receive no power at all. Minigrids can offer an affordable, reliable solution to supplement the grid in these undergrid communities.

“EMRC believes this report serves as a call for investors to explore the minigrid potentials in Nigeria using the undergrid model. It also presents a viable alternative which is beneficial to the investors, the electricity distribution companies and the electricity consumers,” said Oladiran Adesua, analyst at EMRC.

“Undergrid minigrids are an attractive opportunity for all stakeholders. We believe that piloting this electricity solution in the near term will enable future replication that supports the sector’s financial health and drives local community development,” said Sachi Graber, senior associate at RMI.

An estimated 40 million rural residents are underserved by the main grid in Nigeria. Of these, close to 35% could be served by over 4,000 commercially viable undergrid minigrid systems.

Nationwide, the revenue opportunity from these minigrids is approximately N400 billion ($1 billion) per year, offering minigrid developers an annual profit on the order of N75 billion ($200 million).

For distribution companies, undergrid minigrids could reduce financial losses associated with serving remote rural communities by at least 60%.

Transitioning just 400 communities to undergrid minigrids could reduce a single distribution company’s (DisCo’s) annual financial losses by about N1 billion ($3 million). With a distribution usage fee from the minigrid developer, these savings could increase to over N2 billion ($6 million) annually for the DisCo.

For underserved communities and customers, compared to the status quo energy mix of grid and diesel, residential customers would save an average of N54 ($0.15) per kWh.

Across Nigeria, transitioning residential undergrid customers to minigrid service could yield N60 billion ($170 million) in annual savings. Meanwhile, undergrid minigrid customers benefit from better, more-reliable, cost-effective electricity service.

Stakeholders have an excellent opportunity to enable undergrid minigrids to become a successful part of an integrated approach to energy planning in Nigeria.

Government and regulators, distribution companies and minigrid developers, and—most importantly—communities can work together to mutual benefit to make this happen. However, perfect need not be the enemy of the good—existing policy allows interested stakeholders to begin experimentation today.


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